- WHEREAS many have undertaken to compose a history
2 of those things which have been accomplished among us, as they who were from the beginning eye witnesses, and are mi-
3 nisters of the word, have delivered them to us; it seemed good to me. also, when I had accurately traced every thing from the very first, immediately afterwards to write to thee,
4 most excellent Theophilus, that thou mayst know the certainty of those doctrines in which thou hast been instructed..
5 In the days of Herod, the king of Judea, there was a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia;* and his wife, whose name was Elizabeth, was of the race of Aaron.
6 They were both righteous in the sight of God, walking in all the commandments and precepts of the Lord, without blame.
7 Now they had no child, as Elizabeth was barren. And they were
8 both advanced in years. And it came to pass that when he was performing the priest’s office before God, in theorder of his course,
9 it fell to his lot, according to the order of the priesthood, to go into 10 the temple of the Lord, to burn incense, while the whole multitude of the people were praying without, at the tirpe of the ‘
*See l.Chron. 23. 6. 24. 10. ‘ . ‘ :
11 incense offering. And an angel of the Lord appeared to him,
12 standing on the right side of the altar of incense, at the sight of whom Zacharias was greatly discomposed and terrified.
13 Whereupon the angel said to him, Fear not, Zacharias; for thy prayer is heard : and thy wife, Elizabeth, will bear thee a
14 son, and thou shalt call his name John. He will indeed be to thee matter of joy and exultation; and many will rejoice at his
15 birth. For he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He must
16 not drink wine, nor any fermented liquor. With a holy spirit he will be filled,’ even from his mother’s womb. And he will
17 turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God. He will go before in his presence, with the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of fathers to their children, and prepare disobedient persons, by a deep sense of righteous things, to be for the Lord a well disposed people.
18 Thereupon Zacharias said to the angel, How can I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife is far advanced in
19 years. In reply to which, the angel said to him, I am Gabriel, who attend in the presence of God: and I am sent to speak to’ thee, and to tell thee these glad tidings. Now, behold, thou
20 shalt be dumb and unable to speak, until the day when these tidings shall be accomplished; because thou hast not believed my words, which shall be confirmed in their season.
21 Now the people were waiting for Zacharias, and wondered
22 at his tarrying so long in the temple. And when he came out, he could not speak to them. So they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he made signs to them and
23 continued deaf and dumb. And when the days of his minis-
24 tration were accomplished, he departed to his own house. And after these days, his wife Elizabeth conceived; and kept
25 herself retired five months, saying, The Lord hath dealt thus with me in the days in which he looked on me to take away my reproach among men.
26 Arid in the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to a
27 city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin contracted to a man, whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the
28 virgin’s name was Mary. And when the angel entered, he said
29 to her, Hail, favourite of heaven! The Lord is with thee! Blessed thou among women! Upon seeing him she was greatly discomposed at his speech, and revolved in her mind what sort of a salutation this might be. Whereupon the angel said to
30 her, Fear not, Mary. For thou hast found favour with God.
31 Now behold thou shall conceive, and bear a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the
32 son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give him the
33 throne of his father David. And he will reign over the house of Jacob forever. And of his kingdom there shall be no end.
34 Then Mary said to the angel, How can this be, since I know 55 not man. And the angel answering, said to her, A holy spirit
will come upon thee, and the power of the Most High will overshadow thee, therefore the holy offspring will be called the
36 son of God. Now behold Elizabeth thy cousin, even she hath conceived a son in her old age. And this is the sixth month
37 with her, who hath been called barren. For with God nothing 318 is impossible. Thereupon Mary said, Behold the handmaid ‘. of the Lord. Be it to me according to thy word. And the angel left her.
39 And in those days Mary set out and travelled with speed
40 to the hill country, to a city of Juda, and went to the house
41 of Zacharias and saluted Elizabeth. And soon as Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the infant leaped in her womb:
42 and Elizabeth was filled with a holy spirit, and with a loud acclamation said, Blessed thou among women!, and blessed the
43 fruit of thy womb. How have I this honour,* that the mother of my Lord should come to me! For behold! soon as the sound
44 of thy salutation reached mine ear, the babe within me leaped
45 for joy. Happy indeed is she who believed that there shall be an accomplishment of the things spoken to her from the Lord.
46 Then Mary said,
47 My soul doth magnify the Lord: and tn’y spirit exulteth
48 in God, my Saviour: because he hath regarded the low condition of his handmaid. For behold! henceforth all generations
49 will call me happy. Because the Mighty One hath done great things for me; therefore hallowed be his name. Indeed his mer-
50 cy on them who fear him, extendeth to generations of gene-
* Literally, How is this to me.
1 rations. With his arm he hath displayed strength. He hath scattered them who were elated with the imagination of their
2 heart. From thrones he hath hurled potentates, and exalted
3 them of low degree. He hath filled the hungry with good
4 things; and sent away the rich empty. He hath supported his
5 servant Israel, remembering (as he spoke to our fathers) mercy for Abraham and his seed forever.
6 And Mary abode with her about three months, and then returned home.
7 Now when the time for Elizabeth’s delivery was come, she
8 brought forth a son. And her neighbours and her relations, hearing that the Lord had magnified his mercy to her, rejoic-
!9 ed with her. And on the eighth day they came to circumcise iO the child, and called him Zacharias, after the name of his fail ther. But his mother interposing, said, No. He shall be called John. And they said to her, There is none among thy kin- >2 dred who is called by that name. Then they made signs to his father to know what he would have him called. And he, hav- )3 ing demanded a table book, wrote, saying, His name is John. >4 At which they were all surprised. And his mouth was immediately opened, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, praising
55 God. And all in the neighbourhood were struck with awe. And the fame of all these things spread through the whole
56 hill country of Judea. And all who heard laid them up in their mind, saying, What will this child be? And the hand of the
37 Lord was with him. And Zacharias his father was filled
with a^holy spirit, and he prophesied, saying, Blessed be the
>8 Lord, the God of Israel; because he hath visited and deliver-
59 ed his people. He indeed hath raised up for us a horn of salva-
TO tion in the house of his servant David (as he spake bv the
mouth of his holy prophets of old)—a deliverance from our
Tl enemies, and out of the hand of all who hate us—in kindness
72 to our fathers, and in remembrance of his holy covenant (as
73 he sware to our father Abraham) that he would grant us, that
74 we, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, may
75 serve him without fear, in holiness and righteousness before
76 him, all the days of our life. Now as for thee, child, thou shalt be called a prophet of the Most High; for thou shall go
77 before in the presence of the Lord, to prepare his ways; to give his people a knowledge of salvation, by a remission of their sins, through the tender mercy of our God, by which
78 the Anatole* [the day spring] from on high hath visited usr
79 to give light to them who are sitting in darkness and the shadow of death, to guide our feet to the way of peace.” And
80 the child grew, and became strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of the manifestation of him to Israel.
- Now it happened in those days, that an edict came forth from Cajsar Augustus, that this whole inhabited fend should
2 be enrolled. This was the first enrolment;t it was made when Cyrenius was a governor of Syria; and all went to be enrolled,
3 every one to his own city, and accordingly Joseph went up
4 from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the
5 house and patriarchal family of David, to be enrolled with
6 Mary his espoused wife, who was then great with child. And while they were there, the time came that she should be deli-
7 vered; and she brought forth her son, the first born, and swathed him, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the house appropriate to lodging.
8 Now in that country there were shepherds in the open fields tending their flocks by turns, during the night watches.
9 And lol an angel of the Lord stood by them; and a glory of 10 the Lord shone around them; at which they were greatly affrighted. Whereupon the angel said to them, Be not afraid; for lo! I bring you glad tidings—matter of great joy, which it
. *See Zach. 3.8«’
\ There were two enrolments, the first merely for the purpose of numbering the inhabitants, and the Second for assessing thejn. The first here spoken of, was in the reign of Herod the great, when Cyrenius was deputy governor of Syria* It was done according to the Jewish custom, by communities and families, and al] were obliged to repair to their respective cities.or towns, to be enrolled in their several families, according to their genealogies. The second, which was after the death of Herod, was for assessment,.and was made indiscriminately. This was the enrolment which offended the Jews, and excited tumults and insurrections, and brought on the war whichtet- minatedin the destruction of Jerusalem, and the utter dispersion of the Jews.
11 will be to all the people—That to you there is born this da’,
12 in the city of David, a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord. And this will be the sign for you. You will find a babe swathed,
13 lying in the manger. Then suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying,
14 Glory to God in the highest [heaven!] And on earth, peace!
15 good will among men! And as soon as the angels withdrew from them to heaven; the men—the shepherds said one to another, Come, let us go to Bethlehem and see this which is come
1G to pass, which the Lord hath made known to us. So they went with all speed, and found Mary and Joseph, and the babe
17 that lay in the manger; and, having seen, they divulged what
18 had been told them concerning this child. And all that heard
19 were amazed at the things which were told them by the shep-
20 herds. But Mary treasured up all these things, pondering them in her mind. And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, agreeably to what had been declared to them.
21 Now when eight days were accomplished, at circumcising the child, he was named Jesus, the name which the angel had
22 given him before he was conceived. And when the days of her purification were accomplished according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the
23 Lord; as it is written in the law of the Lord, that every male, who is the first born of his mother, is to be accounted conse-
24 crate to the Lord;* and to offer a sacrifice according to what is prescribed in the law of the Lord—a pair of turtle doves or
25 two young pigeons.f And behold there was at Jerusalem a man whose name was Simeon. This man, being righteous and devout, was waiting for the consolation of Israel; and there
26 was a holy spirit upon him. Now it had been revealed to him by the holy spirit, that he should not see death until he had
27 seen the Christ of the Lord; and he had come by the spirit to the temple. And when the parents brought the child Jesus,
28 to do for him according to the custom of the law, he took him
29 in his arms, and blessed God, and said, Now, O Lord, thou
13.2.. Num. 8..17. ‘ fLev. 12, 8.
30 dismisses! thy servant in peace according to thy word, since
31 mine eyes have seen that salvation of thine, which thou hast
32 prepared in the sight of all peoples, a light to illuminate the
33 nations—the glory of thy people Israel. And while Joseph and the mother of the child were wondering at the things
spoken concerning him, Simeon blessed them, and said to
34 Mary his mother, Behold this child is destined for the fall and the rising again of many in Israel, and for an object ofcajumny
35 —(yea, a sword will pass through thy soul also) so that the ill grounded reasoning of many hearts will be revealed.
36 There was also one Anna, a prophetess, a daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser. She was far advanced in years.
37 Having lived seven years with a husband from her virgin state, she was now a widow, about eighty four years old, who departed not from the temple, performing religious service,
38 with fasting and prayers, night and day. She coming up at that instant, did, in a responsive strain, give thanks to the Lord; and she spake of him to all those in Jerusalem who were expecting a deliverance.
39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city,
40 Nazareth. And the child grew and became strong in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and there was a divine gracefulness upon him.
41 Now his parents used to go up every year to Jerusalem at
42 the festival of the passover. So when he was twelve years old, they having gone up to Jerusalem, according to the custom of
43 the festival, and finished the days; when they set out on their return, the child Jesus staid behind at Jerusalem. And neither
44 Joseph nor his mother knew it; but supposing that he was in
45 the company, they went a day’s journey. Then they sought
46 him among their relations and acquaintance; but not finding him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking him. And after three days, they found him in the temple, silting in the midst of the
47 teachers, and hearing them, and asking them questions”.. And
48 all that heard him were astonished at his understanding, and his answers; and they who saw him were amazed. And his mother said to him, Son, Why hast thou dealt thus with us? Behold thy lather and I have been seeking thce \yith sorrov.
49 Whereupon he said to them, Why did you seek me? Did
50 you not know that I must be at my father’s? But they did not
51 comprehend the meaning of what he said to them. Then he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and continued
52 subject to them. And his mother kept all these things in her mind. And Jesus advanced in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and men.
III. Now in the fifteenth year of the government of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea; and Herod, tetrarch of Galilee; and his brother Philip, tetrarch of Iturea
2 and the region of Trachonitis; and Lysanias, being tetrarch of Abilene—in the pontificate of Annas and Caiaphas, a word of
3 God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness, and he went into all the country along the Jordan, proclaiming a
4 baptism of reformation for a forgiveness of sins. As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, “A voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare the way of the Lord: make the roads for him straight. Let every valley be filled
5 up; and every mountain and hill levelled; and let the crooked
6 be made a straight road, and the rough ways, smooth. And
7 all flesh shall see the salvation of God.*” Therefore to the multitudes who came out to be baptized by him, he said, Offspring of vipers! Avho hath warned you to flee from the im-
8 pending wrath? Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of this reformation : and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham for our father; for I say to you, that out of these
9 stones God can raise up children for Abraham. Now, indeed, the axe is at the root of the trees. Every tree therefore which doth not produce good fruit, is cut down and cast into
10 the fire. And when the people asked him, saying, What then
11 shall we do? He in reply, said to them, Let him who hath two coats impart to him who hath none : and let him who hath pro-
12 visions, do the same. And when publicans came to be bap-
13 tized, and said to him, Teacher, what shall we do? He said to
14 them, Exact no more that what is enjoined you. And when soldiers asked him, saying, And what shall we do? He said
Vol. iv. o
to them, Injure no man, either by violence or false accusation, and be content with your wages.
15 And as the people were in suspense, and all were reasoning in their minds concerning John, That he perhaps might
16 be The Christ, John addressed them all, saying, I, indeed, baptize you in water; but there is one coming; who is mightier than I; the latchet of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie.
17 He will baptize you in a holy spirit and fire. His winnowing instrument is in his hand; and he will thoroughly clean his threshing floor, and gather together the wheat for his granary;
18 but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire. Thus, with many other exhortations, he published the glad tidings to the
19 people. But Herod, the tetrarch, being reproved by him, for
20 Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the crimes which . he had committed, added this to them all, that he shut up John
in prison. ,
21 Now, while all the people were receiving baptism, Jesus
22 also being baptized, and praying; the heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit, in a bodily form, came down like a dove upon him, and there came a voice from heaven, saying, ” Thou art my son, the Beloved; in thee I am well pleased.” Now this
23 very Jesus had been about thirty years under governance, be, ing, as was supposed, a son of Joseph, son of Eli, son of Mat-
24 that, son of Levi, son of Melchi, son of Janna, son of Joseph,
25 son of Mattathias, son of Amos, son of Naum, son of Esli,
26 son of Naggai, son of Maath, son of Mattathias, son of Semei,
27 son of Joseph, son of Juda, son of Joanna, son of Rhesa, son
28 of Zorobabel, son of Salathiel, son of Neri, son of Melchi, son
29 of Addi, son of Kosam, son of Elmodam, son of Er, son of
30 Jose, son of Eliezer, son of Jorim, son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Symeon, son of Juda, son of Joseph, son of Jo-
31 nan, son of Eliakim, son of Melea, son of Mainan, son of
32 Mattatha, son of Nathan, son of David, son of Jessai, son of
33 Obed, son of Boaz, son of Salmon, son of Naasson, son of
34 Aminadab, son of Aram, son of Esrom, son of Phares, son of
35 Juda, son of Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham, son of
36 Thara, son of Nachor, son of Saruch, son of Ragau, son of
37 Phalec, son of Eber, son of Sala, son of Kainan, son of Arphax- ed, son of Sem, son of Noe, son of Lamech, son of MatJiusa-
38 la, son of Enoch, son of Jared, son of Maleleel, son of Kainan, son of Enos, son of Seth, son of Adam, son of God.
- Now Jesus being full of a holy spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led by the spirit into the wilderness; and be-
2 ing forty days tempted by the devil, he ate nothing during
3 those days. And when they were ended, he at length was hungry. Whereupon the devil said to him, If thou art Son of God,
4 command that stone to become a loaf of bread. And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, that mun can live, not by
5 bread only, but by whatever God appointeth.* Now the devil having taken him up to a high mountain, had shewed him all
6 the kingdoms of the inhabited land, in a moment of time, and the devil said to him, To thee I will give all this dominion and the glory of these; for to me it is delivered over, and I give
7 it to whom I please. If thou therefore wilt worship me, all
8 shall be thine. Thereupon Jesus, answering him, said, Get thee behind me, Satan, for it is written, ” Thou shalt worship
9 the Lord thy God, and him only thou shalt serve.f” He had also brought him to Jerusalem and placed him on the battle-
10 ment of the temple, and said to him, If thou art the son of God, throw thyself down from this; for it is written, that ” He
11 will give his angels a charge concerning thee to preserve thee;” and that ” With their hands they will bear thee up,
12 shouldst thou peradventure dash thy foot against a stone.J” In reply to which, Jesus said to him, It is said, ” Thou shalt
13 not try the Lord thy God.’)” And when the devil had ended every trial, he departed from him for a time.
14 And Jesus returned in the power of the spirit to Galilee, and a report went forth through all the neighbouring country,
15 concerning him. He indeed taught in their synagogues with
16 universal applause. And when he came to Nazareth, Avhere he had been brought up, he went according to his custom to the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up to read. And the
17 book of the prophet Esaias was delivered to him. And having
18 unrolled the volume, he found the place where it was written, “The spirit of the Lord is upon me, for the business for which
*Dcut. 8. 3. fDeut. 6. 13. Ps. 91. 11. &c. §Deut. 6. 16.
he anointed me. He hath sent me to publish glad tidings to the poor; to heal them who are broken hearted; to proclaim a deliverance to captives; and a recovery of sight, to the blind; to set at liberty the bruised; to proclaim the acceptable year
19 of the Lord.*” And when he had rolled up the volume and
20 given it to the attendant, he sat down. And the eyes of all in
21 the synagogue being fixed on him, he began with saying to them, This day there is an accomplishment of this scripture, which you have just heard. And all bore testimony in his fa-
22 vour, and expressed admiration at the graceful words which
23 proceeded from his mouth, and said, Is not this the son of Joseph? Upon which he said to them, You will doubtless apply to me this proverb—Physician heal thyself: what we have heard done in Capernaum, do here also in thine own country.
24 Then he said to them, Verily I say to you, No prophet is well
25 received in his own country. And indeed I tell you, There were many widows in Israel in die days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up for three years and six months, so that there
26 was a great famine over all the land; but Elias was sent to none of them, but to a widow woman at Sarepta, a city of
27 Sidon. And there were many lepers in Israel in the days of Eliseus the prophet, but none of them was cleansed—none
28 but Nceman the Syrian. At hearing this, all that were in the
29 synagogue were filled with wrath, and rising up, they drove him out of the city, and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, in order to throw him down
30 headlong. But he, having passed through the midst of them, went away.
31 When he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee,
32 and was teaching them on the sabbath days, they were as-
33 tonished at his manner of teaching, for his discourse was with authority. And there was in the synagogue a man, who had
34 a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried with a loud voice, saying, Hah! What hast thou to do with us, Jesus of Naza-
35 reth! Art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art. The holy one of God. Thereupon Jesus rebuked him, saying,
* Es.61. 1, &c.
Be silent and go out of him. And the demon having thrown the man in the midst, went out of him without hurting him.
36 And they were all amazed, and said to one another, What is the meaning of this, that with authority and power he com-
37 mandeth the unclean spirits, and they go out? And his fame spread through all the neighbouring country.
38 When he withdrew from the synagogue he went to the house of Simon. Now Simon’s mother in law was confined with a violent fever, and they besought him on her behalf.
39 Whereupon standing over her, he rebuked the fever and it left her; and she arose immediately and waited upon them.
40 And when the sun was set, all that had any sick of any kind of disease, brought them to him; and he, laying his hands on
41 every one of them, healed them. Now demons indeed used to go out of many, screaming and saying, Thou art the Christ the son of God; but he, rebuking them, did not suffer them to say that they knew him to be the Christ.
42 Now, having gone out as day was coming on, he went to a solitary place; and the people sought him, and went out to
43 him, and pressed him not to leave them. But he said to them, I must publish the glad tidings of the reign of God in other
44 cities also, because I am sent for this purpose. Accordingly he proceeded on, making proclamation in the synagogues of Galilee.
- . And it came to pass when the people were pressing upon him to hear the word of God, as he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret, he saw two boats by the edge of the lake,
2 and the fishermen, having gone out of them, were washing
3 their nets. So, going on board one of them, which belonged to Simon, he desired him to put off a little from the land.
4 And sitting down, he taught the people from the vessel. And when he had done speaking, he said to Simon, Row into deep
5 water, and let down your nets for a draught. Upon which Simon, answering, said to him, Master, we have been toiling all
6 night, and have caught nothing. However, at thy word, I will let down the net. And, having done this, they enclosed such
7 a great multitude of fishes that their net began to break. Whereupon they beckoned to their partners in the other vessel to come and help them. So they came, and they filled
8 both the vessels so that they began to sink. Upon seeing this, Simon Peter prostrated himself at the knees of Jesus, and
9 said, Depart from me, for I, O Lord, am a sinful man. For he, and all that were with him, were seized with amazement
10 at the draught of fishes which they had taken. And so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were Simon’s partners. Then Jesus saith to Simon, Be not afraid; henceforth
11 thou shalt be employed in catching men. And when they had brought their vessels to land, they left all and followed him.
12 And when he was in one of the cities, lo! a man full of leprosy fell on his face, when he saw Jesus, and besought him,
13 saying, O sir, if thou wilt, thou canst cleanse me. Whereupon he stretched forth his hand and touched him, saying,.! will; be thou cleansed. And immediately the leprosy departed
14 from him. Then he charged him to tell no one; but go and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy purification, as Moses commanded, for a testimony to them. So his fame spread
15 more and more, and great multitudes flocked to hear him, and
16 to be healed of their infirmities by him. And he constantly withdrew to places of solitude and prayed.
17 One day when he was teaching, and some Pharisees and teachers of the law, who had come from every town of Galilee and Judea and Jerusalem, were sitting by, and the power
18 of the Lord was displayed in curing the sick; it happened that lo! there came men carrying on a couch a man who was paralytic: and they tryed to bring him in and lay him before Je-
19 sus. But finding it impracticable to bring him in, by reason of the crowd, they wentup upon the flat roof, and let him down
20 from the roof, with the couch, into the court before Jesus;
21 who, upon seeing their faith, said to him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee. At this the Scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this who spcaketh blasphemy? Who
22 can forgive sins, but God alone? Thereupon Jesus, knowing their surmises, addressed them, saying, Why reason ye in
23 your hearts? Which is easier—to say, thy sins are forgiven
24 thce? Or to say, Rise up and walk? Now that you may know that the son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (saith he to the paralytic) I say to thee, Arise, and having taken up
25 thy couch, go to thy house. And instantly he arose in their presence, and having taken up that on which he was laid,
26 went to his house, glorifying God. And amazement seized all; and they glorified God, and were filled with awe, saying, We have seen wonderful things to-day.
27 And after this he went out and saw a publican, named Le- vi, sitting at the receipt of custom, and said to him, Follow
28 me. Upon which, leaving all, he arose and followed him. And
29 Levi made a great entertainment for him at his house; and there was a great company of publicans and others at table with
50 him. Whereupon their Scribes and the Pharisees expressed their dissatisfaction to his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners? In reply to which, Jesus
31 said to them, They who are in health have no need of a phy-
32 sician; but they who are sick. I am not come to call righteous
33 men, but sinners to a reformation. Then they said to him, Why do ,the disciples of John fast often and make supplications; and in like manner those of the Pharisees; but thine eat
34 and drink? And he said to them, Can you make the bridemen
35 fast, while the bridegroom is with them? The days indeed will come when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, then
36 will they fast in those days. He then propounded to them a parable, that no one putteth a piece of a new mantle on an old man. tie; if he doth, he indeed rendeth the new, and the patch from the new doth not suit the old. Neither doth any one put new
37 wine into old leathern bottles: if any doth, the new wine will burst the bottles, and thus the wine will be spilled, and the
38 bottles rendered useless. But new wine must be put in new
39 bottles, so both will be preserved. Furthermore, no one having drunk old wine calleth immediately for new: for he saith, The old is better.
- It happened as he was walking through cornfields on
a sabbath called, second prime,* that his disciples plucked the
ears of corn, and having rubbed out the grains with their
2 hands, began to eat. Upon which some of the Pharisees said
to them, Why do ye that which is not lawful on sabbath davs?
*That is, I apprehend the day when the sheaf of first fruits was offered—the second day after the passover, and the first of the fiftv days to pentecost. See Lev. £3. 15, 16. &c.
3 Thereupon Jesus addressing them, said, Have you never read what David did, when he and his attendants were hungry?
4 How he went to the house of God, and took the presence loaves and ate thereof and gave to his attendants, which none
5 but the priests are allowed to eat. Then he told them that the son of man is Lord even of the sabbath.
6 It happened also on another sabbath, when he went to the synagogue and taught, that there was a man there, whose
7 right hand was withered. And the Scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would perform a cure on the sabbath day, that they might find matter of accusation against
8 him. Now he knew their thoughts. Therefore when he had said to the man who had the withered hand, Rise and stand
9 in the midst; and he had risen, and was standing there; Jesus said to them, Let me ask you what is allowable on the sabbath
10 days?—to do good, or to do evil?—to save life, or to destroy”? Then having looked around on them all, he said to the man,
11 Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so. And his hand was restored sound as the other. Upon this they were filled with madness, and spoke one to another what they should do to Jesus.
12 Now about that time he went out to the mountain to pray, and spent the whole night in a place set apart for prayer* to
13 God. And when it was day, he called together his disciples,
14 and out of them chose twelve, whom he named Apostles— Simon, whom he surnamed Peter, and Andrew, his brother,
15 James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Tho-
16 mas, James, son of Alpheus, and Simon, surnamed Zelotes,
17 Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, even he who was a traitor. And having come down with them, he stopped in a plain, with a crowd of his disciples, and a great multitude of the people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and the coast of Tyre and Sidon, who had come to hear him, and to be cured
18 of their diseases. Even they who were infested by unclean
19 spirits were also cured. And the whole multitude sought to
20 touch him, because power went forth from him, and healed all. Then lifting up his eyes on his disciples, he said,
*Literally in a Proseucha.
Happy ye who are poor, for the kingdom of God is yours!
21 Happy ye, who hunger now, for you shall be satisfied! Happy ye, who weep now; for you will laugh!
22 Happy are you, when men will hate you; even when they will discard and reproach you, and expose your name as in- famous on the account of the son of man; rejoice on that day
23 and leap for joy; for behold your reward in heaven is great; for thus their fathers treated the prophets.
24 But alas! for you who are rich, for you are receiving your consolation.
25 Alas for you who are filled; for you shall hunger.
Alas for you who laugh now; for you shall mourn and weep.
26 Alas for you, when all men speak well of you; for thus
27 their fathers did to the false prophets. But I charge you, my
28 hearers, Love your enemies. Do good to them who hate you. Bless them who curse you; and pray for them who spitefully
29 abuse you. To him who smiteth thee on one cheek, present also the other. And from him who taketh thy mantle, withhold
30 not thy coat. Give to every one who asketh thee. And from him who taketh away thy goods, do not demand them back.
31 And as you wish men to do to you, do ye even so to them. If
32 you indeed love them who love you, what thanks are you en-
33 titled to. For even sinners love those who love them. And if you do good to them who do good to you, what thanks are
34 you entitled to? For even sinners do the same. And if you lend to them from whom you hope to receives what thanks are you entitled to. For even sinners lend to sinners, that they may
35 receive as much in return. But love your enemies; and do good; and lend without any mistrust, and your reward will be
36 great. And you will be the children of the Most High% Because he is kind, even to the ungrateful and malignant; be ye therefore merciful, even as your Father is merciful.
37 Furthermore, judge not, that so you may not be judged. Condemn not, that so you may not be condemned. Forgive;
38 and you shall be forgiven. Give; and to you will be given— into your lap there shall be given good measure, pressed down and shaken and running over. For with the same measure
Vol. iv. p
with which you mete to others, you shall have measure returned to you.
39 Then he spake a parable to them—Can the blind lead the
40 blind? Will they not both fall into a pit? A scholar is not above his teacher. But every one will be instructed as his teacher is.
41 Now why beholdest thou the mote which is in thy bre-
42 ther’s eye, and perceivest not the splinter which is in thine own eye? Or how canst thou say to thy brother, Hold, brother, Let me take out the mote which is in thine eye, not considering that there is a splinter in thine own eye? Hypocrite, first take the splinter out of thine own eye, and then thou wilt see clearly to take out the mote which is in thy brother’s eye.
43 That indeed is not a good tree which beareth bad fruit;
44 nor is that a bad tree which beareth good fruit. For every tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from
45 thorns; nor grapes from a bramble bush. The good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good. And the bad man out of the bad treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is bad. For from the overflowing of the heart the mouth speaketh.
46 Now why do you call me, master, master, when ye do not
47 what I command? With regard to every one who cometh to me, and hearkeneth to my words, and doth them, I will tell
48 you to whom he is like. He is like a man building a house, who digged deep and laid a foundation on the rock. And when a flood came, the current beat against that house, but could
49 not shake it, because it was founded on the rock. But he who hath heard and hath not practised, is like a man who built a house on the ground, without a foundation, against which the current beat impetuously, and presently it fell. And great was the ruin of that house.
VII. Now when he had finished all these his sayings in the
2 hearing of the people, he went to Capernaum, where a certain centurion’s servant, who was dear to his master, was sick
3 and at the point of death. And the centurion, having heard of Jesus, had sent to him the elders of the Jews with a request
4 that he would come and cure his servant. And when they came to Jesus, they pressed him earnestly, saying, He is worthy of 5 this favour; for he loveth our nation, and it was he who built
6 the synagogue for us. So Jesus went with them. But when he was now at no great distance from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying, Sir, trouble not thyself; for 1 am
7 not worthy that thou shouldst come under my roof: and for
8 that reason I did not think myself worthy to come to thee. Say but a word, and my servant will be healed. For even I, who am a man subject to authority, having soldiers under me, say to one, Go; and he goeth: and to another, Come ; and he
9 cometh : and to my slave, Do this; and he doeth it. When Jesus heard this, he admired him; and turning to the multitude that followed him, he said, I say to you, I have not found
10 such an instance of faith even in Israel. And when they, who had been sent, returned to the house, they found the servant well who had been sick.
11 And on the day following, he went to a city called Nain,
12 accompanied by many of his disciples, and a great crowd. And as he approached the gate of the city, behold the people were carrying out a dead man to be buried—the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. ‘And there was a great mul-
13 titude of the city with her. And when the Lord beheld her, he U had compassion on her, and said to her, Weep not. Then he
advanced and touched the bier, (now the bearers had stopped)
15 and he said, Young man, I say to thee, Arise. Thereupon he
16 who had been dead, sat up and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother. And a dread fell upon all; and they glorified God, saying, A great prophet is risen up among us,
17 and God hath visited his people. And his fame spread through all Judea and through all the neighbouring country.
18 When John was informed by his disciples of ail these
19 things, he called two of them and sent them to Jesus, saying,
20 Thou art the one coming: may we expect another? And when the men came to him, they said, John the baptist hath sent us to theei saying, Thou art the one coming: may we expect
21 another? Now at that very time he was curing many of dis- eases, and maladies, and evil spirits, and graciously bestow-
22 ing sight to many who were blind. And Jesus answering, said to them, Go and tell John what you have seen and heard; that the blind see; the lame walk; lepers are cleansed; deaf hear; dead arc raised to life, and the poor have glad tidings pro-
23 claimed to them. And happy is he who shall not be stumbled at me.
24 And when John’s messengers were gone, he took occasion to say to the people respecting John, What went ye out to the
25 wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? But what went ye out to see? A man clothed with soft raiment? Behold they who are splendidly dressed, and who live luxuriously, are to
26 be found in royal palaces. But what went ye out to see? A
27 prophet? Yes, I tell you, and something more than a prophet. This is he, of whotn it is written, “Behold I send my messenger before thee, who shall prepare thy way for thee.*” For I
28 say to you, Among those who are born of women, there is not a greater prophet than John the baptist, but the least in the
29 kingdom of God is a greater than he. All the people indeed, even
30 the publicans, when they heard, justified God by submitting to the baptism of John; but the Pharisees and the teachers of the law made null, with regard to themselves, the counsel of God,
31 by not submitting to be baptized by him; therefore the Lord said, To what shall I compare the men of this generation, and
32 to what are they like? They are like children who sit in the market place and call to one another, and say, We have played on the pipe for you, and you have not danced: we have
33 sung for you songs of woe, and you have not wept. For John the baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and
34 you say, He hath a demon. The son of man came eating and drinking; and you say, Behold a gluttonous man and a wine
35 bibber; a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified by all her children.
36 When one of the Pharisees asked him to eat with him, and he had gone to the Pharisee’s house and placed himself at
37 table, behold a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that he was at table in the Pharisee’s house, took an ala-
38 baster bottle of myrrh, and standing behind, at his feet, weeping, she first bathed his feet with her tears, and wiped them with the tresses of her hair. Then she kissed his feet and
39 anointed them with the myrrh. When the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said within himself, if this man were a prophet, he would know what sort of a woman this is, who
10 toucheth him—that she is a sinner. Thereupon Jesus address- ing him, said; Simon, I have something to say to thee. And
U he saith, Teacher, say it. A certain creditor had two debtors. The one owed him five hundred deniars;* and the other fif.
12 ty.f And as they had not wherewithal to pay, he forgave them
13 both. Which of them, therefore, said he, will love him most?
14 To which Simon replied, He, I suppose, to whom he forgave most. Jesus said to him, Thou hast judged rightly. Then turning towards the woman, he said to Simon, Thou seest this woman? I came to thy house: Thou gavest me no water for my feet; but she with her tears hath washed my feet, and
15 wiped them with the hairs of her head: Thou gavest me no
16 kiss: but she, since I came in, hath not ceased kissing my feet. My head thou didst not anoint with oil: but she hath anointed
17 my feet with myrrh. For what reason? I tell thee. Her sins which are many, are forgiven her;f therefore her love is great.
>8 But he to whom little is forgiven, hath little love. Then he
i9 said to her, Thy sins are forgiven. Upon this, they who were at table with him began to say within themselves, Who is this
0 that forgiveth sins? Thereupon he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee, Go in peace.
‘III. Immediately after this he travelled through cities and villages, publishing and proclaiming the glad tidings of the reign of God, accompanied by the twelve, and by certain women who had been delivered from evil spirits and diseases, particularly Mary, called Magdalene, Out of whom had gone
3 seven demons; and Joanna the wife of Chusa, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered to him out of
4 their possessions. And as a great multitude were-coming together, and those in every city were flocking to him, he said
* About sixty dollars. f About six dollars. $ Literally, Her sins, which are many, must needs have been forgiven, since she hath loved much. In Chap. 23. 40. and Acts 1.17. the Greek particle Ot< is used in the same sense, and signifies since, or seeing that.
5 byway of parable, The sower went out to sow his seed. And as he was sowing, some fell on the highway and was trampled
6 under foot, and the birds of the air devoured it. And some fell
7 on rocky ground, and having sprung up, it withered for want of moisture. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns spring-
8 ing up with it, choaked it. And some fell on good ground, and sprang up and yielded increase an hundred fold. Having said this, he cried with a loud voice, Whosoever hath ears to hear, let him hear.
9 And when his disciples asked him, saying, What is the
10 meaning of this parable, he said, To you it is granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, which to others are couched under parables, so that they see and do not see, and
11 they hear and do not understand. Now this is the meaning of
12 the parable. The seed is the word of God. By the highway, are meant those hearers out of whose hearts the devil coming,
15 taketh away the word, that they may not believe and be saved. By the rocky ground are meant those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy; but not having it rooted in them,
14 they are but temporary believers, and in time of trial apostatise. The ground overrun with thorns denoteth them who hear, and who going away are choafced with cares and riches and the pleasurable enjoyments of life, so that they do not
15 bring fruit to perfection. But by the good ground are meant they, who with an honest and good heart, having heard the word, retain it, and perseveringly bring forth fruit.
16 Now no one having lighted a lamp covereth it with a ves- vel or putteth it under a couch; but setteth it on a stand that
17 they who come in may see the light. For there is nothing obscure which shall not be made clear; nor any thing concealed which shall not be made known and come to light. Take heed
18 therefore how you hear; for to him who improveth, more shall be given; but from him who improveth not, even what he thinkethhe hath, will be taken away.
19 When his mother and his brethren came to him, and could
20 not get near him by reason of the crowd, and some informed him, saying, Thy mother and thy brethren are standing without, and
21 desire to see thee; he in reply, said to them, My mother and mv brethren arc thev who hear the word of God and do it.
22 One day Jesus having gone on board a vessel with his disciples, said to them, Let us cross over to the other side of
23 the lake. So they set sail. And as they were sailing he fell asleep; and a storm of wind came down on the lake, and they
24 were filled, and in danger; Whereupon they went near and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we are lost. Upon which he arose and rebuked the wind, and the raging of the water,
25 and they were still; and there was a calm. And he said-, to them, Where is your faith? And they being terrified, expressed admiration, saying one to another, Who in reality is this, that he commandeth even the winds and the water, and they
26 obey him! And when they arrived at the country of the Gada- renes, which is over against Galilee; just as he was landing he
27 was met by a man of the city who had been long possessed by demons, and who wore no clothes, nor abode in any house,
28 but in the tombs; who upon seeing Jesus, screamed and fell down before him, and said with a loud voice, What hast thou to do with me, Jesus son of the Most High God. I beseech
29 thee, torment me not. For he had commanded the unclean spirit to go out of the man. For it had often seized him. And when he was bound with chains and fastened with fetters, bursting the bonds, he was driven by the demon into the wil-
30 derness. Then Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name?
31 And he said, Legion. (For many demons had entered into him;) and entreated him that he would not command them to go in-
32 to the abyss. Now there was a herd of many swine there, feeding on the mountain, so they besought him to permit them to
33 enter into the swine. And when he permitted them, the demons quitting the man, entered into the swine, and the herd
34 rushed down a precipice into the lake, and were drowned. When the swine herds saw what had happened, they fled, and
35 runningaway, spread the news through the city and the country. Upon which the people came out to see what was done. And when they came to Jesus and found the man, out of whom the demons were gone, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in
36 his right senses, they were terrified. And upon being informed by the spectators how the demoniac had been cured, all the people of the neighbouring country of the Gadarenes entreat-
37- ed him to depart from them. Because they were struck with great terror, he therefore going on board the vessel, set out
38 on his return. Now the man, out of whom the demons had gone, begged to be with him. But Jesus dismissed him, saying, Return to thy house, and tell what God hath done for
39 thee. So he returned, and published through the whole city all that Jesus had done for him.
40 And when Jesus returned, the multitude welcomed him,
41 for they were all waiting for him. And behold there came a man named Jairus, who was a ruler of the synagogue, who
42 prostrating himself at the feet of Jesus, besought him to go to his house; because he had a daughter, an only child, about
43 twelve years of age, and she was dying. And as he was going, the people crowded him; and a woman, who had been twelve years afflicted with an issue of blood, and who had
44 spent all her living on physicians, none of whom could cure her, came behind and touched the tuft of his mantle; and in-
45 stantly her issue of blood was staunched. Thereupon Jesus said, Who touched me? And when all denied, Peter and they who were with him, said; Master, the crowds are thronging
46 and pressing thee, and dost thou say, Who touched me? But Jesus said, Some one hath touched me, for I perceived a pow-
47 er going forth from me. And when the woman saw that she had not escaped notice, she came trembling, and prostrating herself before him, told him in the presence of all the people,
48 for what cause she had touched him, and how she was cured instantly. Whereupon he said to her, Daughter, take courage;
49 thy faith hath cured thee. Go in peace. And while he was yet speaking, there cometh one from the ruler of the syna-
50 gogue’s house, and saith to him, Thy daughter is dead. Trouble not the teacher. Upon hearing this, Jesus, addressed him, saying, Be not afraid. Only believe; and she will reco-
51 ver. And when he entered the house, he permitted none to go .in, but Peter and James and John, and the father and the mo-
52 ther of the child. Now all were weeping and lamenting her.
53 But he said, Weep not. She is not dead ; but asleep. Upon
54 which they derided him, knowing that she was dead. And
55 when he had put them all out, and taken her by the hand, he called, saying, Maiden, arise. Whereupon her breath return-
56 cd, and she arose immediately. And he ordered some food to be given her. And her parents were astonished. And he
charged them to tell no one what was done. IX. When he, having called together the twelve disciples, 2 gave them power and authority over all the demons, and to
cure diseases; and was sending them to proclaim the reign of 3- God, and to heal the sick; he said to them, Take nothing for 4 the journey—neither staves, nor scrip, nor bread, nor money,
nor two coats apiece. .And into whatever house you enter, £ abide there till you leave the place. And wherever they will
not receive you, when you are leaving that city, shake off the
6 dust from your feet, for a testimony against them. Accordingly, they departed and went through the villages, proclaiming the glad tidings, and performing cures every where.
7 When Herod, the tetrarch, heard of all that was done by him, he was perplexed; because it was said by some, that John was
8 raised from the dead; and by others, that Elias is plainly come; and by others, that one of the ancient prophets is risen up.
9 And Herod said, John I beheaded: but who is this of whom
10 I hear such things? And he desired to see him. Therefore, when the apostles returned, and told Jesus all that they had done, he took them apart, and withdrew to a solitary place,
11 belonging to a city called Bethsaida. And as the people knew it, they followed him, and he received them, and spoke to them concerning the kingdom of God, and healed them who
12 had need of healing. And when the day began to decline, the twelve came, and said to him, Dismiss the multitude, that they may go to the neighbouring towns and farms, for lodg-
13 ing and provisions; for we are here in a desert place. But he said to them, Do you, yourselves, give them something to eat. Thereupon they said to him, We have not more than five
14 loaves and two fishes. Must we then go and buy food for all this people? For they were about five thousand men. Then he said to his disciples, Range them as at table, in companies,
15 fifty in a company. And they did so. And when they were
16 all ranged, he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, pronounced a blessing, and broke them
17 and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude. And when they had all eaten, and were satisfied, there was taken up a surplusage of fragments which filled twelve panniers.
VOT.. IV. ( ‘
18 After that, when he was praying in a retired place, his disciples were with him, and he asked them, saying, Who do
19 the people say that I am? And they in reply, said, John the Baptist; but others say, Elias; and others, that one of the an-
20 cient prophets is risen up. Then he said to them, And who
21 do you say that I am? In answer to this, Peter said, The
22 Christ of God.* Thereupon he checked them, and ordered them to tell no one this; adding, that the son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and chief priests, and Scribes, and be put to death, and raised on the third day.
23 Moreover he said to all, if any one desireth to come under Tny guidance, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily,
24 and follow me. For whoever would save his life shall lose it. But whosoever shall lose his life for my sake, he shall save it.
25 For what advantage is it to a man to have gained the whole
26 world and destroyed himself, or be punished with the loss of life. For whoever shall be ashamed of me, or of my words, of him the son of man will be ashamed when he shall come in his own glory, and in that of the father, and the holy angels.
27 Novv I tell you of a truth, there are some of those standing here, who shall not taste death until they see the reign of God.
28 About eight days after these discourses, he took Peter, and
29 John, and James, and went up to the mountain to pray. And while he was praying, the form of his countenance was changed,
30 and his raiment was dazzling white. And behold two men
31 conversed with him. These were Moses and Elias, who appeared in glory, and spoke of that departure of his which he
32 was soon to accomplish at Jerusalem. Now Peter, and they who were with him, had been overpowered with sleep; but awaking thoroughly, they saw his glory, and the two men
. 33 who were standing with him. And as they were Avithdrawing from him, Peter said to Jesus, Master, it is well that we are
34 here. Let us make three booths, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias, not knowing what he.’said. And
35 while he was thus speaking, a cloud came and overshadowed them. And at entering the cloud, they were terrified. And
*The Messiah or the anointed.
there came a voice from the cloud, saying, This is my son,
36 the Beloved; hearken to him. Now at the time of the voice, Jesus was alone. And they were silent and told no one in those days aught of what they had seen.
37 And on the following day, when they were coming down
38 from the mountain, a great multitude met him. And behold a man from the crowd cried out, saying, Teacher, I beseech
39 thee, look upon my son; for he is mine only child. And behold a spirit seizeth him, and instantly he screameth—and it convulseth him with foam, and hardly departeth from him,
40 when it hath bruised him. I indeed besought thy disciples to 11 cast it out, but they could not. In reply to this, Jesus said, O
faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with
42 you! how long shall I endure you! Bring thy son hither. And as he was coming, the .demon dashed him on the ground and threw him into convulsions. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and cured the child, and delivered him to his father.
43 And all were astonished at the mighty power of God. And
44 while they were expressing admiration at all that Jesus had done, he said to his disciples, Give diligent attention to these words; for the son of man will soon be delivered up into the
45 hands of men. But they did not know the meaning of this. ,It was hid from them so that they did not understand it; and they were afraid to ask him the meaning of that expression.
46 Now a surmise had crept in among them, which of them
47 should be greatest. And as Jesus perceived the ill ground-
48 ed reasoning of their heart, he took a child, and placed it by him, and said to them, Whoever will receive this child for my name, receiveth me; and whoever receiveth me, receiveth
49 him who sent me. For he who is least among you all, even he shall be great. Then John addressing him, said, Master, we
50 saw one casting out the demons in thy name, and we forbade him because he doth not follow [thee] with us. Thereupon Jesus said to him, Forbid not; for he who is not against us is for us.
>1 Now when the days of his being received up were about
52 to be completed, he resolutely set his face to go to Jerusalem,
and sent messengers before him, who set out and came to a
>j town of Samaritans to make preparation for him. But they
5i would not receive him, because they perceived that he was going to Jerusalem. Upon seeing this, his disciples, James and John, said, Master, Is it thy pleasure that we command fire to
$5 come down from heaven and consume them, as Elias did? Whereupon, turning about, he rebuked them, and said, You
56 do not know what spirit you are of. For the son of man did not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them. So they went to another village.
57 It happened also in the course of their travels, that on the way one said to him, Master, I will follow thee whithersoever
58 thou goest. Whereupon Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have roosts; but the son of man
59 hath not where to lay his head. And to another he said, Follow
60 me. And when he said, Master, suffer me first to go and bury my father; Jesus said to him, Let the dead bury their own dead; but go thou, and proclaim the reign of God. And when
61 another said, Master I will follow thee; but let me first go and
62 bid them farewell, who are at my house; Jesus said to him, No man, who hath put his hand to the plough and looketh back, is fit for the kingdom of God.
- After these things, the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them, two and two; before him, to every city and village
2 whither he himself was soon to go; and he said to them, The harvest indeed is plentiful, but the labourers are few. Entreat therefore the Lord of the harvest to send forth labourers for his
3 harvest. Go ye. Behold I send you forth like lambs among
4 wolves. Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor sandals. And sa- . 5 lute no one by the way. And into whatever house you enter,
6 first say, Peace be to this house. And if the son of peace
7 be there, your peace will rest upon it; but if not, it will return to you. And continue in the same family, eating and drinking such things as they have. For the labourer is worthy
8 of his wages. Go not from one family to another. And into
9 whatever city you enter, when they entertain you eat such things as are set before you. And heal the sick therein, and
10 say to them, The reign of God is come near to you. But whatever city you enter, when they do not receive you, go out into
11 the streets thereof and say, The very dust of this city of yours which cleaveth to us, we wipe off for you: nevertheless, know
2 this, that the reign of God hath come nigh unto you. Now I say to you, the condition of Sodom will be more tolerable on that day than the condition of that city.
3 Alas for thee, Chorazin! Alas for thee, Bethsaida! for if the miracles which have been performed in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sit-
4 ting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more tolerable for
5 Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than for you. And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to the skies, shall be thrust down to Hades.*
,6 He who hearkeneth to you, hearkeneth to me: and he who rejecteth you, rejecteth me; and he who rejecteth me, reject- eth him who sent me.
L7 And when the seventy returned with joy, saying, Master,
18 even the demons are subject to us through thy name; he said to them, I beheld Satan falling like lightning from heaven: be-
19 hold I give you power to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and upon all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall in any-
20 wise hurt you. Nevertheless, rejoice not at this, that spirits are subject to you; but rather rejoice that your names are enrolled in heaven.
21 At that same time Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou, having hid these things from the wise and learned, hast revealed them to
22 babes—Yes, O father, that it thus seemed good in thy sight. All things are delivered up to me by my Father; and none knoweth who the Son is, except the Father; nor who the Father is, except the Son, and he to whom the Son will please to reveal him.
23 Then turning to the disciples apart, he said, Happy the
24 eyes, which see what you see! for I say to you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see what you see, and have not seen them; and to hear what you hear, and have not heard them.
25 Then a certain teacher of the law stood up, and with a view to try him, said, Teacher, what must I do to inherit everlasting
26 life? Whereupon Jesus said to him, What is written in the
* The place of departed spirits.
27 law? How readest thou? And he in reply, said, Thou shalr love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, even with thy whole mind;
28 and thy neighbour as thyself. Upon this Jesus said to him,
29 Thou hast answered right. Do this and thou shall live. But
30 he, wishing to justify himself, said, And who is my neighbour? In answer to which Jesus said, A certain man from Jerusalem was going down to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who having
3 L stripped him, and wounded him, went off, leaving him half dead. And accidentally a certain priest went down that way,.
32 who saw him and passed on over against him. And in like
33 manner, a Levite coming to the place, when he came and saw him, passed him by. But a certain Samaritan, who was on a journey, came where he was; and when he saw him, he had compassion and went up to him, and bound up his wounds,
34 pouring thereon oil and wine. Then having set him on his own beast, he brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And
35 the next morning, when he was departing, he took out two deniars,*and gave themtothe innkeeper, and said to him, Take care of this man: and whatever thou expendest more, I will
36 pay thee when I return. Now, which of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour to him who fell among the robbers? The expounder of the law said, He who did him the act of kmd-
37 ness. Thereupon Jesus said to him, Go thou, and do in like manner.
38 And as they were travelling, he came to a certain village, and a woman whose name was Martha, received him into her
39 house. Now she had a sister called Mary, who sat down at the feet of Jesus and heard his discourse. But Martha was
40 cumbered about dispensing amply for the entertainment. So coming in, she said, Master, Carest thou not that my sister
, .hath left me to serve alone? Speak to her therefore that she
41 may assist me. In reply to which, Jesus saith to her, Martha, Martha, thou art anxious and troubling thyself about many things. But there is one thing necessary. As for Mary, she” hath chosen that good portion which shall not be taken from
* See Matthew 20. 2.
- It came to pass also when he was at a certain place, praying, that soon as he had done, one of his disciples said to him,
2 Master, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples. Whereupon he said to them, When you pray, say, Our Father, who art in heaven; hallowed be thy name; thy reign come; thy will
3 be done on earth, as it is in heaven; give us day by day our 4, daily bread,* and forgive us our sins, for we indeed do forgive
every one who offendeth us: and bring us not into temptation; 5 but deliver us from the evil one. Then he said to them, Should
any of you have a friend, and go to him at midnight, and say <> to him, Friend, lend me three loaves of bread; for a friend of
7 mine is come off his road to me, and I have nothing to set before him: and he from within should say in reply, Do not trouble me now: the door is shut, and my children as well as I are
8 in bed: I cannot rise and give thee: I say to you, though he will not rise and give him on account of being his friend; yet on account of his importunity he will rise and give him what
9 he wanteth. Now I say to you, Ask, and you shall obtain: seek, and you shall find: knock, and the door will be opened
10 to you. For every one who asketh obtaineth: and he who seek- eth, findeth: and to him who knocketh, the door will be open-
11 ed. What father among you would give his son a stone, when he asketh for bread? Or, if he asketh for a fish, would, instead
12 of a fish, give him a serpent? Or, if he asked for an egg, would
13 give him a scorpion? If you, then, bad as you are, know how to give good gifts to your children; how much more will your heavenly father give a holy spirit to them who ask him?
14 Again, when he was expelling a demon, which was dumb, . and as soon as the demon went out the dumb man spoke, and
15 the people expressed admiration, but some of them said, By
16 Beelzebub, the prince of the demons, he expelleth the demons;
17 and others, to try him, demanded of him a sign from heaven; he, knowing their .thoughts, said to them, Every king- ,dom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and house
18 after house falleth. Now if Satan be divided against himself,
19 how can his kingdom subsist? Because you say that I expel . the demons by Beelzebub; therefore if I expel the demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons expel them? Let them
* Or the brend sufficient for ouv subsistence.
20 therefore be your judges. But if I, with the finger of God, ex- pel the demons, then indeed the kingdom of God hath reach-
21 ed you. While the strong one armed guardeth his court, his
22 goods are safe. But when one stronger than he attacketh and %overcometh him, he taketh from him his armour on which he
23 relied. Then he divideth his spoils. He who is not with me is against me. And he who doth not gather with me scattered!.
24 When the unclean spirit hath gone out of the man; it vvalketh about through dry places, seeking rest: and finding none, it
25 saith, I will return to my house from which I came out. And when it is come, it findeth the house swept and garnished.
U6 Then it goeth and taketh along seven other spirits worse than itself; and they having entered in, dwell there. So the last state of that man is worse than the first,
27 As he was thus speaking, it happened that a woman among the crowd, raising her voice, said to him, Happy the womb which bore thee and the breasts which thou hast suck-
28 ed! Whereupon he said, Nay, rather happy they who hear the word of God and keep it.
29 Now the crowds being collected in a body, he took occasion to say, This is a wicked generation. It seeketh a sign; but to it no sign shall be given, save the sign of the prophet Jonas.
30 For as Jonas was a sign to the Niuevites, so will the son of man
31 be to this generation. The queen of the south will be raised up at the judgment with the men of this generation, and will condemn them; because she came from the extreme parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold something
32 greater than Solomon is here. The men of Nineve will stand up at the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it, because they repented at the proclamation of Jonas, and be-
33 hold something greater than Jonas is here. No one having lighted a lamp putteth it in a secret place, or under the corn measure, but on a stand, that they who come in may see the
34 light. The eye is the lamp of the body; therefore when the eye is clear, the whole body is enlightened; but when it is dis-
35 tempered, the whole body is dark. See therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness. Is then thy whole body en
36 lightened? To one who hath no part dark, the whole, being
enlightened, xvill be as when a lamp with its blaze lighteth thee.
37 After he had spoken, a certain Pharisee invited him to
38 dine with him, so he went and placed himself ut table. And when the Pharisee who saw this expressed surprise that he had not first washed before dinner, the Lord said to him,
39 Now as for you Pharisees, yon cleanse the outside of the cup and plate; but as to the inside, it is full of your rapacity and
40 wickedness. Unthinking men! Did not he who made the out-
41 side make the inside also? But with respect to the things in it, give alms, and behold they are all clean to you.
42 But alas for you, Pharisees! because you pay tithe of mint, and rue, and of all kinds of pulse, and neglect justice and the love of God. Thesg you ought to have practised, without, however, neglecting the other.
43 Alas for you, Pharisees! because you love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and salutations in public places.
44 Alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you are like concealed graves, over which men walk without perceiving them.
45 Upon this, one of the teachers of the law, interposing, saithto him, Teacher, by speaking thus dost thou reproach us also? Thereupon he said,
46 Alas for you also, ye teachers of the law, because you load men with heavy burdens hard to be borne, and will not
47 yourselves touch these burdens with one of your fingers. Alas for you; because you build the monuments of the prophets,
48 andyour fathers slew them. You therefore bear testimony, and
49 approve the works of your fathers. Because they slew them, you, therefore, build their monuments ; on this account indeed said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill, and others they will per-
50 secute, that the blood of all the prophets, which hath been shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this
51 generation—from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zacharias who was slain between the altar and the temple: Verily I say to you, it will be required of this very generation.
52 Alas for you, teachers of the law! because you have taken Vol. iv. R
away the key of knowledge. You entered not in yourselves;
and them who were entering you hindered. 53 Now while he was saying these things to them, the Scribes
and the Pharisees took occasion to urge him vehemently, and
provoke him to speak of many things, laying snares for him, and
seeking to catch something from his mouth, that they might XII. accuse him; by which myriads of the people being drawn
together, so as to trample upon one another, he took occasion
to say to his disciples,
Above all,things beware of the leaven of the Pharisees,
2 which is hypocrisy; for there is nothing concealed which shall not be disclosed ; nor any thing hid, which shall not be known.
3 Because what you have said in the dark, will be heard in the light; and what you have whispered^ in closets will be proclaimed on the house tops; therefore I say to you, my friends;
4 Be not afraid of them who kill the body, and after that can do
5 no more: but I will point out to you whom you should fear— Fear him, who after he hath killed, hath power to cast into
6 hell. I repeat it to you, Fear him. Are not five sparrows sold for two assars?* Yet not one of them is forgotten before God.
7 Nay, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.
8 Now I say to you, Whosoever will acknowledge me be-
9 fore men, him the son of man will acknowledge before the angels of God : but he who hath denied me before men shall
10 be disowned before the angels of God. And with respect to every one who shall speak a word against the son of man, it is to be forgiven him, but he who shall speak slanderously against the holy spirit shall not be forgiven.
11 Now when they bring you before their synagogues, and magistrates, and rulers, be not anxious how or what defence
12 you shall make, or what you shall say : for the holy spirit will teach you that very instant, what you ought to say.
13 When one in the crowd said to him, Teacher, order my
14 brother to divide the inheritance with me; thereupon he said. to him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you ?
15 Then he said to them, Take heed and be upon your guard
* Ten assars rnake a deniar; two deniars, a drachma; two drachmas a diadrachm or shekel, equal to about half a dollar.
against covetousness. For in what affluence soever a man may
16 be, his life doth not depend on his possessions. Then he spoke a parable to them saying, There was a certain rich man, whose
17 ground produced plenteously. Whereupon he reasoned within himself, saying, What shall I do; for I have not room to store
18 my crops. Then he said, I will do this. I will pull down my store-houses and build larger, and there lay up all my pro-
19 duce and my good things. And I will say to my soul; Soul, thou hast many good things laid up in store for many years:
20 take thine ease; eat; drink; and be joyful. Whereupon God said to him; Fool, this very night this soul of thine will be demanded of thee. Whose then will those things be which thou
21 hast provided? Thus let every one [say] to himself who is heaping up treasure and is not rich for God.
22 Then he said to his disciples, For this cause I say to you, be not anxious about your life, what you shall eat; nor for
23 your body, what you shall wear. Life is a greater gift than
24 food, and the body than raiment. Observe those ravens! they neither sow nor reap; nor have they cellar or barn; yet God
25 feedeth them. Of how much greater value are you than these birds? Now which of you can, with all his solicitude, add
26 a moment to his life? If therefore, you cannot make the smallest addition to it, why are you anxious about the rest?
27 Observe those lilies how they grow! They neither toil nor spin; yet I say to you, Even Solomon in all his glory, was not ar-
28 rayed like one of these. Now if God doth thus clothe the herbage, which is in the field to-day, and to-morrow is cast into a furnace, how much more will he clothe you, O dis-
29 trustful men? As for you, therefore, be not inquisitive about what you shall eat, or what you shall drink, nor agitated with
30 restless thoughts. For about all these things the nations of the world are inquisitive: but your Father knovveth that you have
31 need of all these things. But seek the kingdom of Gjd, and
32 all these things will be superadded to you. Fear not, little flock. Because it hath pleased your Father to give you that
33 kingdom, sell your possessions and give alms : provide for yourselves purses which do not wear out—a treasure in the heavens, which will never fail; where no thief approacheth, nor
34 moth spoileth: for uhere your treasure is, there will your heart
35 be also. Let your loins be girded, and your lamps burning;
36 and be like men who are waiting their master’s return from a wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may instant-
37 ly open for him. Happy those servants, whom the master, when he cometh, shall find watching. Verily I say to you, he will gird himself, and having placed them at table, will come and
38 wait upon them. And whether he come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them in such a state, hap-
39 py are those servants. Now this you know, that if the master of a family knew at what hour a thief would come, he would
40 watch, and not suffer him to break into his house. Be ye therefore also prepared, because at the hour of which you are not aware, the Son of man cometh,
41 Then Peter said to him, Master, dost thou speak this para-
42 ble to us, o; to all in general? Thereupon the Lord said, Who is indeed the faithful and prudent steward, whom his jnaster
43 shall have set over his family to dispense regularly the stated allowance of food? Happy is that servant, whom his master,
44 when he cometh, shall find thus employed. Verily I say to
45 you, he will appoint him overseer of all his estate. But should that servant say in his heart, My master delayeth his coming1, and begin to beat the.men servants, and maid servants, and to
46 eat and drink and carouse; the master of that servant will come on a day when he doth not expect him, and in an hour he is not aware of, and will scourge him in the severest manner, and
47 assign him his portion with the unfaithful. Now that servant \vho knew his master’s will, and did not keep himself ready, nor act agreeably to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes;
48 but he who did not know it, and did things deserving chastisement, shall be beaten with few. For to whom much is given, of him much will be required. And the more a man is entrusted with, the more will be demanded from him. I came
49 to put fire on the earth; and what would I but that it were now
50 kindled! I have also a baptism to be baptized with, and how am
51 I straightened until it be accomplished. Do you imagine that I am come to give peace on the earth? I tell you, No; but rather
52 division. For henceforth five in one house will be divided;
53 three against two and two against three. Father will be divided against son, and son against father; mother against daughtcr, and daughter against mother; mother in law against daughter in law, and daughter in law against mother in law.
54 Then addressing the multitudes, he said, When you see the cloud rising from the west, presently, say you, there is a
55 shower coming. And so it happeneth. And when the south
56 wind bloweth, you say, It will be hot. And so it happeneth. Hypocrites! you have knowledge to discern the face of the
57 earth and the sky; how is it then that you do not discern
58 this time? And why do ye not, even for your own sakes, judge aright? For when thou art going with thine adversary to a magistrate, endeavour to come to an agreement* with him on the way, lest he bring thee before the judge; and the judge deliver thee up to the officer, and the officer commit thee to
59 prison: I tell thee thou canst not get out of that, till thou hast paid the last fardiing.
XIII. Now there were some present who, on that occasion
2 told him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices: whereupon Jesus, in reply, said to them, Do you imagine that those Galileans were the greatest sinners in all Galilee, because they suffered these things? I tell you,
3 No. But, unless you reform, you shall all perish in like man-
4 ner. Or those eighteen men, upon whom the tower of Silo- am fell, and killed them, do you think that they were the greatest offenders of all the men who dwelt in Jerusalem? I tell you,
5 No; but unless you reform, you shall all perish in like manner.
6 Then he spake this parable. A certain man had a fig tree planted»in his vineyard, and he went seeking fruit on it, but
7 found none. Whereupon he said to the vine dresser, Behold this is the third year that I have come, seeking fruit on this fig treee, without finding any. Cut it down. Why doth it
8 cumber the ground? To which he replied, Master, let it alone
9 one year longer, until I dig about it and dung it. Perhaps it may bear fruit: if not; then cut it down.
10 When he was teaching in one of the synagogues on
11 the sabbath day, behold there was a woman there, who for eighteen years had a spirit of infirmity, and was so bowed
* Literally, to be freed from him.
12 down that she could in no wise look up. And when Jesus saw her he called her to him, and said to her, Woman, thou art
13 loosed from this thine infirmity, and laid his hands on her.
14 And instantly she stood upright and glorified God. Upon which the ruler of the synagogue, to express his indignation because Jesus cured on the sabbath day, addressed the people and said, There are six days on which work should be done: come therefore on those days and be cured, and not on the
15 sabbath day. Thereupon the Lord answered him, and said, Hypocrite! Doth not every one of you, on the sabbath day,
16 loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead it to water? And ought not this woman, a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo! these eighteen years, to be loosed from this
17 bond on the sabbath day? And upon his saying this, all his opposers were ashamed, and the whole multitude expressed joy for all the glorious things which were done by him.
18 Then he said, To what is the kingdom of God like? and
19 to what shall I compare it? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and threw in his garden, and it grew and became a great tree, and the birds of the air lodged among its branches.
20 Again he said, To what shall I compare the reign of God?
21 It is like leaven, which a woman took and mixed up with three measures of meal till the whole was leavened.
22 “When he was passing through cities and towns,’teaching, and continuing his journey to Jerusalem, and one said to him,
23 Master, are there few who are saved? He said to then;, Strive
24 with all your might to enter in through the narrow gate; for many, I assure you, will seek to enter, who will not be able.
25 When the master of the house is raised up, and shall have shut the door and you begin to stand without and knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us, he will Answer and say
26 to you, I do not know you, whence you are. Then you will begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence,
27 and thou hast taught in our streets. But he will say, I tell you I do not know you whence you are. Depart from me all you
28 workers ofmiquity. Weepingand gnashingof teeth will be there, when you shall see Abraham, and Isaak, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves
29 cast out. People indeed will come from the east and west,
30 and from the north and south, and be entertained in the kingdom of God. And behold there are last, who shall be first; and there are first, who shall be last.
31 On that same day, some Pharisees came and said to him, Get away and depart hence; for Herod intendeth to kill thee.
32 Whereupon he said to them, Go and tell that fox, Behold I cast out demons, and perform cures to-day and to-morrow,
33 and on the third day I am perfected. But I must continue my course to-day and to-morrow, and the day following; for it is not to be supposed that a prophet will be destroyed any where
34 but in Jerusalem. O Jerusalem! Jerusalem! thou that killest the prophets and stonest them who are sent to thee! How often would I have gathered thy children, as a hen doth her
35 brood under her wings; and ye would not. Behold your house is left for you a desolation. And verily I say to you, You shall not see me until the time come when you will say, Blessed he, who is coming in the name of the Lord!
XIV. It happened also on a sabbath day, when he went to eat at the house of one of the chiefs who were Pharisees, and they
2 were watching him, behold there was before him a man, who
3 had a dropsy; thereupon Jesus, addressing the teachers of the law, and the Pharisees, said, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath
4 day? But they were silent. Then taking the man by the hand,
5 he healed him. And having dismissed him, he continued his discourse to them, and said, Who amongst you, if his ass or
6 his ox fall into a pit, will not instantly pull it out on the sabbath day? And to this they could not make reply.
7 Then observing how e^ger the guests were for the first
8 places at table, he addressed them in a parable, and said, When thou art invited by any one to a wedding, do not take the uppermost place, lest a person of greater distinction than
9 thou be invited by him. In which case he who invited thee and him will come and say to thee, Give place to this man.
10 Then thou, with confusion, must take the lower place. But when thou art invited, go and take the lowest place, that when he who invited thee cometh, he may say to thee, Friend, go up higher. Then thou wilt have honour in the sight of them
11 who arc at table with thee. For whoever exalteth himself, shall be humbled, and he who humbleth. himself, shall be exalted.
12 Then he said to him who had invited him ; When thou makest a dinner or a supper, invite not thy friends, nor thy brethren, nor thy relations, nor thy rich neighbours, lest they also invite thee in their turn, and a recompense be made thee.
13 But when thou makest an entertainment, invite the poor, the
14 maimed, the lame and the blind, and thou shall be happy. For as they are not of ability to requite thee, a requital will be made to thee at the resurrection of the righteous.
15 Upon hearing this, one of the guests said to him, Happy
16 is he who eateth bread in the kingdom of God. Whereupon he said to him, A certain man made a great supper, and in-
17 vited many. But when he sent out his servants at supper
18 time, to say to them who were invited; Come, for all things are now ready; they all, from one [motive] began to make excuses. The first said to him, I have bought a field, and I must
19 go and see it. I pray thee make my excuse. And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to try
20 them: I pray thee make my excuse. And another said, I have
21 married a wife, and therefore I cannot go. So the servant came and told his master these things. And the master of the family, being incensed, said to his servant, Go out quickly to the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor
22 and the maimed, and the lame, and the blind. And when the
23 servant said, Master, I have done as thou didst command, and still there is room; the master said to the servant, Go out to
24 the highways and hedges, and press people to come that my house may be full. For I say to you, None of the men who have been invited shall taste of my supper.
25 As great multitudes were travelling with him, he turned
26 to them and said, If any one cometh to me, and slighteth not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters, nay, and even his own life, he cannot be my dis-
27 ciple. And whosoever doth not take up his cross and follow
28 me, he cannot be my disciple. Which of you, intending to build a tower, doth not first sit down and calculate the cost,
29 to know whether he hath sufficient to finish it? Lest, having
30 laid the foundation, and not being able to complete the work.
he become the scoff of all who see it, who will say, This
31 man began to build, but was not able to finish. Or, what king marching out to encounter another in battle, doth not first sit down and consult, whether he with ten thousand men, is able
32 to meet him who is coming against him with twenty thousand? And if not: doth he not, while the other is yet at a great dis-
33 tance, send an embassy, and sue for peace? In like manner, therefore, let every one of you do. He who doth not give up
34 all his possessions, cannot be my’disciple. Salt is good; but if the salt become insipid, with what can it be recovered? It is neither fit for the land, nor the dunghill. It is thrown away. Whoever hath ears to hear, let him hear.
- As the publicans and sinners were all continually resort-
2 ing to him to hear him, when the Pharisees and the Scribes
3 murmured, saying, This man receiveth sinners and eateth
4 with them ; he then spake this parable to them, saying, What man among you having a hundred sheep, doth not, upon losing one of them, leave the ninety nine in the wilderness and
5 go in search of that which is lost until he find it? And having
6 found it, doth he not joyfully lay it on his shoulders; and upon coming home call together his friends, and neighbours, saying to them, Rejoice with me, because I have found the sheep
7 which was lost? Thus, I assure you, there will be greater joy in heaven for one reforming sinner, than for ninety nine right-
8 ecus persons who have no need of reformation. Or what wo. man having ten drachmas* doth not, if she lose one of them, light a lamp, and sweep the house, and search diligently until
9 she find it? And having found it, doth she not assemble her female friends and neighbours, saying, Rejoice with me, be-
10 cause I have found the drachma which was lost? Thus, I assure you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God for one reforming sinner.
11 He said also, A certain man had two sons. And the young-
12 cr of them said to his father, Father, give me that portion of the estate which falleth to my share. So he divided the
13 moveable estate between them. And not many days after, the
*See Matt. tf. 27.
VOL. IV. 8
younger son having gathered all together, took a journey to a distant country, and there wasted his substance with riotous
14 living. And when he had spent all, there came a grievous
15 famine over all that country, and he began to be in want. So he went and connected himself with one of the citizens of that country who sent him to his farm to feed swine, and he was
16 fain to fill his belly with the carob pods* which the swine were
17 eating, as nobody gave him any thing. At length, coming to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father have bread enough and to spare, while I am perishing with hunger?
181 will rise and go to my father, and say to him, Father, I have
19 sinned against heaven and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son : make me as one of thy hired servants.
20 Accordingly he arose and went to his father. But he keeping yet at a distance, his father saw him, and had compassion,
21 and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. Whereupon the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and in
22 thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. But the father said to his servants, Bring out the best robe and put it on him; and put a ring on his finger and shoes on his feet.
23 And bring out the fatted calf and kill it. And let us eat and be
24 joyful; because this my son was dead and is come to life. He
25 was indeed lost and is now found. So they began to be merry. Now his elder son was in the field. And as he was coming home and drew near the house, he heard the musick and
26 dancing. Whereupon calling one of the servants, he enquired
27 what might be the occasion of this. And he said to him, It ii because thy brother is come: and thy father hath killed the
28 fatted calf because he hath received him in good health. At
29 this he was angry and would not go in. His father therefore went out and entreated him. But he answering,, said to his father, Behold these many years that I have served dice without ever disobeying thy command, thou hast never given me
30 a kid, that I might be merry with my friends : but soon as this son of thine is come, who hath devoured thy substance
*The carob tree, or bean bearing locust, grows wild in America; the pods containing the beans, are long, crooked and brown coloured; in Syria, where the tree is common, the swine feed upon them.
31 with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf. In reply , to which his father said to him, Son, thou art always with me;
32 and all that I have is thine. But we ought to feast and rejoice because this thy brother was dead and is come to life. He was indeed lost and is now found.
XVI. Then he said to his disciples, There was a certain rich
2 man who had a steward. And this steward was accused of having wasted his substance. So having called him, he said to him, What is this that I hear of thee ? Give an account of
3 thy stewardship ; for thou canst no longer be steward. Thereupon the steward said within himself, What am I to do, since
4 my lord taketh from me the stewardship; I am not able to dig: to beg I am ashamed. I am resolved what to do, that when I am removed from the stewardship, I may be received
5 into their houses. So having sent severally for every of his lord’s tenants, he said to the first, How much art thou to pay
6 to my lord ? And he said, A hundred baths* of oil. Thereupon he said to him, Take thy lease, and sit down quickly, and
7 write Fifty. Then he said to another, And how much art thou to pay ? And he said, a hundred coresf of wheat. Where-
8 upon he saith to him, Take thy lease and write Eighty. And the master commended the unjust steward, because he had acted prudently.
Because the children of this world are more prudent for
9 their generation, than the children of the light, are for theirs; therefore I say to you, From the worldly prudenceJ of this unrighteousness, make ye friends for yourselves, that when
10 you fail, ye may be received into the everlasting abodes. He who is faithful in very little, is faithful also in much ; and he
11 who is unjust in very little, is unjust also in much. If you then were not faithful with this unjust worldly prudencej who
12 wiB entrust to you the true ? And if you were not faithful with that which is another’s, will any one give you that to be
* Bath, a liquid measure, supposed to contain seven and a half gallons.
| Core, a dry measure supposed to contain eight and a half bushels. t Literally ;x«-/x*»*. See Matthew 6. 24. –
13 your own f No servant can serve two masters ; for he will either hate one, and love the other; or he will attach himself to one, and despise the other: you cannot serve God and worldly prudence.
14 When the Pharisees who loved money heard all these
15 things they treated him with scorn. Whereupon he said to them, You are they who justify yourselves before men ; but
16 God knoweth your hearts. Because that which is high among men, is an abomination in the sight of God, the law and the
17 prophets were until John. From that time the kingdom of God is proclaimed, and into it every one is pressing. But sooner shall the heaven and the earth perish, than one tittle of
18 the law fail. Whosoever putteth away his wife, and marricth another, committeth adultery. And whoever marrieth her who hath been divorced committeth adultery.
19 There was a certain rich imn who was clad with purple and cotton robes, and who feasted daily in a splendid man-
20 ner. And there was a certain poor man, named Lazarus, who was laid at his gate, full of sores, desirous indeed to be fed
21 with the crumbs which fell from his table : and moreover the
22 dogs came and licked his sores. At length this poor man died, and was carried by angels to Abraham’s bosom. And
23 the rich man died also, and was buried. And in the mansion of the dead having lifted up his eyes, being in torment, he
24 seeth Abraham far off and Lazarus in his bosom. Whereupon he cried and said, Father, Abraham, have pity on me and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and
25 cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. And Abraham said, Son, remember that thou receivedst thy good things in thy life time; and Lazarus in like manner, his evil things.
26 But now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. But besides all this, there is betwixt us and you, a huge gulf fixed; so that they, who would go hence to you, cannot. Neither
27 can they who are there, cross over to us. Then he said, I in-
28 treat thee therefore, Father, to send him to my father’s house; for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, that they
29 also may not come to this place of torment. To this Abraham replied, They have Moses and the prophets ; let them heark-
30 en to them. Whereupon he said, Nay, father Abraham, but if
1 one go to them from the dead, they will reform. And Abraham said to him, If they will not hearken to Moses, and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one should rise from the dead.
t VII. Then he said to his disciples, It is not to be supposed
2 that offences will not come ; but alas for him, by whom they come. It would be better for him to have a millstone hanged about his neck and to be thrown into the sea, than to cause
3 one of these little ones to stumble. Take heed to yourselves. And if thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him: and if
4 he repent, forgive him. And if he trespass against thee seven times a day, and seven times a day return to thee, saying, I repent; thou shall forgive him.
5 Upon this the disciples said to the Lord, Increase our
6 faith. Whereupon the Lord said to them, If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you might say to that sycamine tree, Be thou rooted up and planted in the sea. And it would obey you.
7 Now would any of you, having a servant ploughing, or feeding cattle, say to him immediately on his coming from the
8 field, Come in and sit down to table : would he not rather say to him, Get ready my supper, and gird thyself and wait upon me, until I have done eating and drinking; and afterwards
9 thou mayst eat and drink ? Doth he think himself obliged to 10 that servant for obeying his orders ? I think not. So when you
have done all that you are commanded to do, say, We are servants who have conferred no favour; for we have only done what we were bound to do. 11. Now as he was going to Jerusalem, he passed along the
12 confines of Samaria and Galilee. And as he was entering a cer-
13 tain village, he was met by ten lepers, who stood at a distance
14 and cried with a loud voice, saying, Jesus, master, have pity ,on us. And upon seeing them, he said to them, Go and show yourselves to the priests. And it came to pass that as they were
15 going they were cleansed. Whereupon one of them perceiving that he was healed, returned glorifying God with a loud
16 voice; and prostrating himself at the feet of Jesus, gave him
17 thanks. Now he was a Samaritan. Upon this, Jesus address-
18 ing him, said, Were not the ten cleansed? Where then are the nine? Have none returned to give glory to God, but
19 only this alien? Then he said to him, Rise and go thy way. Thy faith hath cured thee.
20 Being asked by the Pharisees when the reign of God would
21 commence, he answered and said to them, The reign of God doth not commence with parade; nor shall they say, Lo, here! or Lo, there! For behold the reign of God is within you.
22 Then he said to his disciples, The days will come, when you
23 will earnestly desire to see one of the days of the son of man,
24 and will not see it. When they say to you, Lo, here! or Lo, yonder! Go not out, nor follow them. For as the lightning flasheth from one part of the sky to another, so will the son
25 of man be in his day. But he must first suffer many things
26 and be rejected by this generation. And as it was in the dayg
27 of Noe, so will it be in the days of the son of man. They ate; they drank; they married, and were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered the ark; and the flood came and de-
28 stroyed them all. Just so it was also in the days of Lot. They ate; they drank; they bought; they sold; they planted; they
29 built: but on the day that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. Even
30 so will it be on the day when the son of man will be revealed.
31 On that day, whoever shall be on the house top, and his goods in the house, let him not come down to carry them away. And in like manner let not him who shall be in the field turn back
32 to what is behind him. Remember Lot’s wife. One, though
33 he may seek to save his life, shall lose it. And another, though
34 he may expose his life, shall save it. On that night, I assure
35 you, there will be two on one couch, the one will be taken and
36 the other left. Two women will be grinding together; the one will be taken and the other left. Two men will be in the field,
37 the one will be taken and the other left. Then some addressing him, said, Where, Master! And he said to them, Wherever the carcass is, there will the eagles assemble.
XVIII. Then he addressed them with a parable, to shew them
2 that they ought to persevere in prayer, and not be discouraged; saying, There was in a certain city a judge, who neither fear-
3 ed God, nor regarded man. And there vwas- in that city a widow, who went to him, saying, Do me justice on mine ad versa-
4 ry. And for a while he would not. But afterwards he said within
5 himself, Though I neither fear God, nor regard man, yet because this widow giveth me trouble, I will do her justice, that
6 she may not, by coming perpetually, torment me. And the
7 Lord said, Hear what this unjust judge saith! And will not God vindicate the cause of his chosen, who are crying to him
8 day and night”? Will he linger in their cause? He will, I assure you, vindicate their cause speedily. But will the son of man, when he cometh, find this belief in this land”?
9 Then with a view to some who had a confidence in them-
10 selves that they were righteous, and who despised others, he spake this parable, Two men went up to the temple to pray; the one, a Pharisee; and the other, a publican. The Pharisee,
11 standing by himself, prayed thus, O God, I thank thee that I am not as the rest of men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers; nor
12 even as that publican. I fast twice a week. I pay tithes of all
13 that I possess. But the publican, who stood at a distance, did not presume so much as to lift up his eyes to heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying; God, be merciful to me a sin-
14 ner. I tell you, this man went down to his house acquitted, and not the other. For whosoever txalteth himself shall be humbled, but he who humbleth himself shall be exalted.
15 When they brought even little children to him that he might touch them, and his disciples observing it, rebuked them;
16 Jesus thereupon having called the children to him, said, Suffer the children to come to me, and do not hinder them, for of
17 such is the kingdom of God. Verily I say to you, Whosoever will not as a child receive the kingdom of God, he shall in no wise enter it.
18 When a certain chief asked him, saying, Good teacher,
19 What shall I do that I may obtain everlasting life? Jesus said to him, Why callcst thou me good? None is good but God
20 alone. Thou knovvest the commandments—thou shall not commit adultery—thou shalt not commit murder-—thou shalt not steal—thou shalt not bear false witness—honour thy fa-
21 therand thy mother. And he said, all these I have kept from
22 my youth. Upon hearing this, Jesus said to him, There is still one thing wanting to thee. Sell all that thou hast and distribute to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven.
23 Then come and follow me. At hearing this he was very sor-
24 rowful; for he was very rich. When Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, With what difficulty will men who have
25 these things, enter into the kingdom of God! for it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, than for a
26 rich man to enter the kingdom of God. And when they who
27 heard this said, Who then can be saved ? He said, Things,
28 which are impossible to men, are possible to God. Then Peter said, Behold we have forsaken all and followed thee.
29 Whereupon Jesus said to them, Verily I say to you, There is none who hath left house or parents, or brothers, or wife,
30 or children for the sake of the kingdom of God, who shall not receive manifold more in retunx in this present time, and in the age to come everlasting life.
31 Then having taken the twelve aside he said to them, Behold we are going up to Jerusalem, and all that the prophets have
32 written concerning the son of man, will be accomplished. For he will be delivered up to the Gentiles, and will be mocked
33 and insulted, and spit upon. And when they have scourged
34 him, they will put him to death. And on the third day he will rise again. But they understood nothing of these things. This matter indeed was hid from them, so that they did not comprehend the meaning of what was spoken.
35 And when he drew near to Jericho there happened to be a
36 blind man sitting by the way side, begging, who having heard the crowd passing through it, inquired what might have been
37 the matter. And when they told him, That Jesus the Naza- rene is passing by, he cried, saying, Jesus, son of David, have
38 pity on me. Upon this they who went before checked him
39 that he might hold his peace ; but he cried still the louder,
40 Son of David, have pity on me. Whereupon Jesus stopped and
41 ordered the man to be brought to him. And when he came
42 near, Jesus asked him, saying, What dost thou desire me to do for thee ? And he said, O master! that I may have sight. Then Jesus said to him, Have sight. Thy faith hath cured
43 thee. And instantly he received his sight, and followed him, praising God. And all the people, when they saw this, gave praise to God.
XIX. When Jesus had entered and was passing through Jc 2 richo, behold a man named Zaccheus who was chief publican
3 and a wealthy man sought to see Jesus, what sort of a person he was, but could not by reason of the crowd ; for he was of
4 a low stature. So running before, he climbed a sycamine tree
5 that he might see him, for he was to pass that way. And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said to him, Zaccheus, make haste down, for I must stop to-day
6 at thy house. Accordingly he hasted and came down, and re-
7 ceived him joyfully. When the multitude saw this they murmured, saying, He is gone to be entertained by a sinner.
8 Whereupon Zaccheus, standing up, said to the Lord, Behold, Sir, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have
9 wronged any man, I make him fourfold restitution : and Jesus said concerning him, To-day salvation is come to this
10 house, as this man is indeed a son of Abraham ; for the son
11 of man came to seek and save what was lost. And as this en. gaged their attention, he continued his discourse and spake a parable. Because he was near Jerusalem and they thought
12 that the reign of God would commence immediately ; there- fore he said, A certain person of noble birth was going to a distant country, to receive for himself regal power, and return.
13 So having called ten servants of his, he delivered to them ten pounds weight of money, and said to them, Trade with this
14 till I return. Now his citizens hated him, and sent an embassy after him, saying, We do not wish this man to reign over
15 us. And when he had obtained the regal government and was come back, he ordered those servants, to whom he had given the money, to be called to him, that he might know
16 what each had gained. And the first came and said, My lord,
17 that pound of thine, hath gained ten pounds. Whereupon he said to him, Well done, good servant! because thou hast been faithful in a very small trust, be thou the governor of
18 ten cities. Then the second came and said, My lord, that
19 pound of thine hath gained five pounds. Whereupon he said
20 to him, Be thou also governor of five cities. Then another came and said, My lord, here is that pound of thine, which
21 I have kept laid up in a napkin. For I was afraid of thee, because thou art an austere man. Thou takest up what thou
22 laidst not down, and reapest what thou didst not sow. Whereupon he saithtohim, Out of thine own mouth T will condemn
vot. iv. T
tliec, thou malignant slave. Thou kncvvest that I am an austere man, taking up what I laid not down, and reaping what I
23 did not sow! Why then didst thou not put my money in the
24 bank, that at my return I might have received it with interest? Then he said to his attendants, Take the pound from him, and
25 give it to him who hath the ten pounds, (and upon their saying to him, My lord he hath ten pounds) for I tell you, said
26 he, that to every one who improveth more shall be given; but from him who improveth not, even what he hath shall be
27 taken away. And as for those enemies of mine who would not have me to reign over them, bring them here and slay them in my presence.
28 Having spoken this, he proceeded on in his journey up to
29 Jerusalem. And when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, to the mountain called The mount of olives, he sent
30 two of his disciples, saying, Go to yonder village, in which, as
31 you enter, you will find a colt tied, on which no man ever rode. Untie it, and bring it hither. And if any one ask you why you untie it, answer him thus, Because the Lord hath occasion of
32 it. Accordingly they who were despatched went and found it
33 as he had told them. And as they were untying the colt, the
34 owners of it said to them, Why do ye untie the colt? And they
35 said, The Lord hath occasion of it. So they brought it to Je-
36 sus. And having thrown their mantles on the colt, they set Jesus thereon. And as he went along, the people spread their mantles on the way. And as he was drawing near, just at the
37 descent of the mount of olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to express their joy in loud acclamations, praising God for all the miracles which they had seen, say-
38 ing, Blessed be the king who is coming in the name of the
39 Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest! Upon this,
40 some of the Pharisees who were in the crowd, said to him, Teacher, rebuke these disciples of thine. In reply to which, he said to them, I tell you, If these keep silence, those stones
41 would exclaim. And as he drew near he viewed the city and
42 wept over it, saying, O that thou hadst known—even thou— even in this very day of thine, the things which were for thy
43 peace! But now they are hidden from thine eyes. For days will come upon thee, when thine enemies will surround thec
44 with a rampire; and enclose thee; and shut thee up on every side; and dash thee to the ground, and thy children within thee; and not leave one stone on another; because thou didst not know the time of this thy visitation.
45 Then he went into the temple and began driving out thence them who were selling and buying in it, saying to them, It is
46 written, ” My house is a house of prayer:” but you have made it a den of robbers.
47 Now while he was daily in the temple teaching, the chief priests, and the Scribes, and the chiefs of the people were con-
48 triving his destruction; but could not find the means of effect – XX. ing it. For all the people were bent upon hearing him. So
on one of those days when he was teaching the people in the
2 temple, and proclaiming the glad tidings, the chief priests, and the Scribes, and the elders, came up to him and accosted him,
3 saying, Tell us, by what authority thou dost these things? Or who hath given thee this authority? In answer to which,
4 he said to them, Let me also ask you one question, and do
5 you tell me. Was the baptism of John from heaven, or of men? Upon this they reasoned among themselves, saying, If we say from heaven, he will say, Why then did you not be-
6 lieve him? And if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us; for they are all firmly persuaded that John was a prophet.
7 So they answered that they did not know whence it was.
8 \\Tiereupon Jesus said to them, Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things. Then he addressed to the
9 people this parable. A certain man planted a vineyard and let
10 it to husbandmen, and went abroad for many seasons. And at one season he sent a servant to the husbandmen that they
11 might give him some of the product of the vineyard. But the husbandmen beat him and sent him away empty. Again he sent another servant; and him also they beat, and abused
12 shamefully, and sent away empty. Again he sent a third, and
13 this one they wounded and cast out. Then the owner of the vineyard said, What shall I do? I will send my son, the Beloved. Perhaps they will reverence him, when they see him.
14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir. Come, let us kill him,
15 that the inheritance may be our own. So having, cast him out of the vineyard they slew him. What then will the owner of
16 the vineyard do to them? He will come and destroy those
17 husbandmen and give the vineyard to others. Upon hearing this, they said, God forbid. But he looking earnestly at them, said,” What then is the meaning of this passage of scripture,
18 The stone which the builders rejected was the very one for the head of the corner!* Whosoever falleth on this stone will be bruised; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
19 Upon this the chief priests and the Scribes sought to lay- hands on him that very hour, (but they were afraid of the people,) for they knew that he liad spoken this parable with a view
20 to them. Therefore, having watched him diligently, they sent to him spies who should feign themselves to be righteous men,
, that they might lay hold of some word of his, in order to deliver him up to the jurisdiction and authority of the governor.
21 So they asked him, saying, Teacher, we know that thou speak – est and teachest uprightly, and that thou art not a respecter of
22 persons, but teachest the way of God with truth. Is it lawful
23 -for us to pay tribute to Cassar, or is it not? But he, knowing
24 their craftiness, said to them, Why are you trying me? Shew
25 . me a deniar. Whose image and inscription hath it? When they
in reply, said, Cresar’s; then he said to them, Render then to Czesar the things which arc Czesar’s; and to God, the things
26 which are God’s. So they were not able to take advantage of his decision before the people. Therefore, having expressed admiration at his answer, they held their peace.
27 Then some of the Sadducees, who deny a future state,
28 came and asked him, saying, Teacher, Moses hath written for us, If a man’s brother, having a wife, die; when he dieth childless, his brother must take his wife and raise up a seed for his
29 brother, f Now there were seven brothers. And the first, hav-
30 ing taken a wife, died childless. Then the second took the
31 wife, and he died childless: then the third took her, and so all
32 the seven, and died without issue. And last of all the wo-
33 man also died. In the future state, therefore, whose wife of i
* Psalm 1 1 8. 22. f DeuU 25.
34 them is she, as she hath been married to all the seven? In re-
35 ply to this, Jesus said to them, The children of this world mar- ry and are given in marriage; but they who shall be account-
36 ed worthy to obtain that state, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage, For they can die no more. For angel-like they are indeed children of God,
37 being children of the resurrection. Now that the dead are raised up, even Moses hath plainly shewn; as at the bush he sti- leth the Lord, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaak, and
38 the God of Jacob.* For he is not the God of the dead, but of
39 the living. For to him they are all alive. Upon this, some of the scribes addressing him, said, Teacher, thou hast spoken
40 well. And after that they did not presume to ask him another question. fa*^
41 Then he said to kiwi, How do they say that the Christ is the son of David, when David himself saith in the book of
43 Psalms, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand un-
44 til I make thine enemies thy footstool, f David therefore call- eth him Lord, how then is he his son?
45 Then in the hearing of all the people he said to his disci-
46 pies, Beware of the Scribes, who are fond of walking in robes, and love salutations in places of public resort, and the first seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost places at entertain-
47 ments; who devour the families of widows, and for a disguise make long prayers. They shall receive a severer sentence of judgment.
XXI. And when he looked up and beheld the rich casting
2 their gifts into the treasury, and saw also a certain poor widow
3 throwing into it two mites, he said, Verily I say to you, That
4 poor widow hath thrown in more than they all: for all those cast in, for their homage gifts to God, part only of their superfluous stores; but she hath thrown in all the little she had for her subsistence.
5 Again as some were speaking of the temple, how it was
6 adorned with beautiful stones and dedications, he said, With regard to all those things on which you are gazing, days will
* Exod. 3. 6.
come in which there will not be one stone left on another,
7 which shall not be thrown down. And when they asked him, saying, Teacher, When will this happen? And what will be the sign, when these things are about to be accomplished, he
8 said, Take heed that ye be not led astray. For many will come in my name, saying, I am he: and the time is at hand; there-
9 fore go not after them. And when you hear of wars and insurrections, be not terrified; for these things must first hap-
10 pen; but the end will not follow immediately. Then he said to them, nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against
11 kingdom. And there will be great earthquakes in divers places; and famines, and pestilences. And there will be awful sights
12 and great signs from heaven. But before all these events they will lay their hands on you, and persecute you, delivering you. up to synagogues and prisons, to be led before kings and go-
13 vernors on account of my name. But this will give scope for
14 your testimony. Therefore settle it in your minds not to pre- 15 meditate what defence you shall make. For I will give you a
mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be
16 able to contradict or withstand. You will indeed be deliver-
17 ed up by parents, and brothers, and kinsmen, and friends. And some of you will be put to death. And on the account
18 of my name you will be hated by all. But not a hair of your
19 head shall be lost. By your perseverance preserve your lives;*
20 and when you sec Jerusalem encompassed by armies, then know that its desolation is near. Then let them who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let them who are in the midst of this [city] withdraw; and let not them who arc in the re-
22 gions enter it. Because these are days of vengeance that all
23 which are written may be accomplished; alas therefore for the women with child and for them who give suck in those days;
24 for there will be great distress in this land and wrath on this people. They shall fall by the edge of the sword, and be led captives to all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trampled down
25 by nations until the times of nations shall be fulfilled. There will indeed be signs in sun and moon and stars, and on the
*See Matt. 10. 22. 24. 13.
26 earth, anguish of desponding nations, while the sea is roaring and the billows thereof; and men are fainting with fear and apprehension of the things which are coming on the world.
27 For the powers of heaven will be shaken, and they shall
28 then see the son of man coming in a cloud, with power and great glory. Now when these things begin to come to pass,
29 look up and lift up your heads, for your deliverance is drawing near. Then he said to them by way of parable, View that fig
30 tree and all the trees. When they now begin to shoot forth; upon seeing them you know of yourselves that the summer is
31 now near; so when you see these things coming to pass, know
32 also that the reign of God is at hand. Verily I say to you, this
33 generation shall not pass till they are all accomplished. The heaven and the earth will pass away, but my words shall not
34 pass away. Take heed therefore to yourselves that your hearts be not overloaded with excess of meat, or drink, or worldly
35 cares, and that day come upon you unawares. For it will come as a net upon all who are settled on the face of the whole-laHcL *~
36 Watch therefore, on every occasion, praying that you may be accounted worthy to escape all these things which will soon come to pass; and to stand before the son of man.
37 Now he spent the days teaching in the temple, and at
38 night he went out and lodged on the mountain, called the mount of olives, and early in the morning, all the people resort-
XXII. ed to him in the temple to hear him. But when the festival of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, drew
2 near, while the chief priests and the Scribes were contriving
3 how they might kill him, (for they were afraid of the people)
4 Satan entered into Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was one of the twelve; and he went and conferred with the chief priests, and the chief officers of the temple guard, how he might de-
5 liver him up to them. And they were glad and covenanted
6 with him to give him money. So he agreed, and sought an opportunity to deliver him up without tumult.
7 Now when the day of unleavened bread was come, on which the paschal lamb was to be killed, Jesus sent Peter
9 and John, saying, Go and prepare the paschal lamb for us,
10 that we may eat it. Upon which they said to him, Where
dost thou wish us to prepare it? And he said to them, Behold as you enter the city you will meet a man carrying a pitcher
n of water. Follow him to the house where he goeth in, and
say to the master of that house, The teacher saith to thee,
Where is the guest chamber in which I may eat the passover
12 with my disciples? And he will shew you a large upper room,
13 furnished. There make ready. So they went and found as
14 he told them, and made ready the passover. And when the hour was come, he placed himself at table with the twelve
15 apostles, and said to them, Much have I longed to eat this pass-
16 over with you before I suffer. For I say to you, I will not eat of it any more, until it be accomplished in the reign of God.
17 Then having taken a cup, he gave thanks and said, Take this
18 and share it among yourselves. For I say to you, I will not drink of the product of the vine until the reign of God come.
19 Then having taken a loaf, he gave thanks, and brake and gave to them, saying, This is my body, which is given for you. Do
20 this for a remembrance of me. And in like manner also the
21 cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant by my blood, which is shed for you. But lo! the hand of him who de-
22 livereth me up, is with me on the table! The son of man goeth indeed as it hath been determined. But alas for that man
23 by whom, he is delivered up. Thereupon they began to inquire among themselves, which of them it could be who would do this.
24 Now there had been a contest among them in respect to
25 this, which of them should be the greatest—Therefore he said to them, The kings of the nations exercise dominion over them. And they who tyrannise over them are stiled benefac-
26 tors. But with you it must not be so. But let the elder among you be as the younger; and the leader as he who waiteth at
27 table. For which is greater—he who is at table; or he who waiteth ? Is not he, who is at table ? But I am among you as
28 he who waiteth. Now you are they, who have continued stea-
29 dily with me in my trials. Therefore I covenant with you as my Father covenanted with me for a kingdom, that you may
SO eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones
judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 31 Then the Lord said to Simon, Simon! behold Satan hath
earnestly requested to have you in his power, that he may sift
32 you as wheat: and I have prayed for thee that thy faith may not quite fail. When thou therefore hast recovered thyself,
33 strengthen thou thy brethren. Upon this Peter” said to him, Master, I am ready to go with thee to prison and to death.
34 Whereupon he said, I tell thee, Peter, a cock will not crow this day before thou wilt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
35 Then he said to them, When I sent you without purse and scrip and sandals, did you want any thing? And when they said
36 No; then he said to them, But now let him who hath a purse take it, and likewise a scrip. And let him who hath not a sword
37 sell his mantle and buy one. For I say to you, This portion of scripture ” And he was ranked with malefactors,*” must yet be accomplished in me. For the things concerning me are coming to a close.
38 Then they said, Master, here are two swords. And he said, It is enough.
39 Then he went out and retired as usual to the mount of
40 olives; and his disciples followed him. And when he came to the place, he said to them, Pray, that you may not come to trial.
41 Then having withdrawn about a stone’s throw from them, he
42 kneeled down and prayed, saying, O Father, if thou wilt remove
43 this cup from mef—but not my will, but thine be done. Then
44 an angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. And being in an agony, he prayed more earnestly. And his
45 sweat was like great drops of blood falling on the ground. Then he arose from prayer, and went to his disciples, and found
46 them asleep, oppressed with grief. And he said to them, What! Are you asleep! Rise and pray that you may not come
47 to trial. And while he was yet speaking, Lo! a crowd! And he who is called Judas, one of the twelve, came on before them
48 and went up to Jesus to kiss him. Whereupon Jesus said to
49 him, Judas, dost thou deliver up the son of man with a kiss? Then they who were about him seeing what would happen,
50 said to him, Master, shall we smite with the sword? And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his
*Es. 53. 12. fOr more literally, O Father, is it thy will to remove this cup from me. ‘ ,
VOL. IV. V
51 right ear. Thereupon Jesus interposing, said, Permit thus
52 long; and having touched his ear, healed him. Then Jesus said to the chief priests, and the officers of the temple guard,
53 and the elders who were come against him, Are you come out as against a robber with swords and clubs? When I was daily with you in the temple, you did not stretch forth your hands against me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.
54 Then they who had seized him led him away. And when they were bringing him to the house of the chief priest, Peter
55 followed at a distance. And as they had kindled a fire in the middle of the court, and were sitting around it, Peter sat down
56 in the midst of them. And a maid servant having seen him sitting opposite to the light, and viewed him attentively, said,
57 That man was also with him. Upon which Peter denied him,
58 saying, Woman, I do not know him. And a little while after, another seeing him, said, Thou also art one of them. VVhere-
59 upon Peter said, Man, I am not. And about the space of an hour after, another confidently affirmed, saying, This man was
60 certainly with him; for he is a Galilean. Thereupon Peter said, Man, I do not know what thou sayest. And instantly, while
61 he was yet speaking, the cock crowed. Upon which the Lord, turning about, looked upon Peter. And Peter recollected the word of the Lord, how he said to him, Before cock-crowing
62 thou wilt three times deny me. And Peter went out and wept bitterly.
63 Now the men, who had Jesus in custody, insulted him while
64 they smote him. Having covered his eyes they struck him on
65 the face, and a^ked him, saying, Prophesy. Who is he who smote thee? And uttered many other invectives against him.
66 And soon as it was day, the national senate, with the chief priests, and the Scribes, convened. And having caused him to be brought up before their Sanhedrim, they said, Art thou
67 the Christ? Tell us. Whereupon he said to them, If I tell you,
68 you will not believe me. And if I ask you a question, you
69 will not answer me, nor dismiss me. From this time the son of man will be seated on the right hand of the power of God.
70 Thereupon they all said, Thou then art the son of God? And he
71 said to them, It is as you say. Then they said, What farther need have we of testimony? For we ourselves have heard from his own mouth.
XXIII. Then the whole assembly arose and led him away to Pilate, and began to accuse him, saying, We found this man perverting the nation, and forbidding to pay tribute to Caesar,
3 saying that he himself is Christ, a king. Thereupon Pilate asked him, saying, Thou art the king of the Jews? And he, in re-
4 ply, said to him, It is as thou sayest. Then Pilate said to the chief priests, and the people, I find nothing criminal in this
5 man. But they were the more vehement, saying, He raiseth sedition among the people, teaching through all Judea, from
6 Galilee, where he began, even to this place. When Pilate heard them mention Galilee, he asked, Is the man a Galilean”?
7 And finding that he was of Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him
8 to Herod, who was also at Jerusalem in those days. And when Herod saw Jesus he was very glad; for he had long desired to
9 see him. Because he had heard much of him, therefore he hoped to see some miracle done by him, and questioned him
10 about many things. But Jesus made him no answer. So when the chief priests, and the Scribes had stood up, urging their
11 accusations against him with much vehemence; and Herod with his soldiers had treated him with contempt and mockery,
12 having arrayed him with a splendid robe, he sent him back to Pilate. And on that day Pilate and Herod became friends; for they had been before at enmity one with the other.
13 Then Pilate, having called together the chief priests and the rulers of the people, said to them, You have brought this
14 man to me as one who perverteth the people. And behold, on examining him before you, I have found nothing criminal in
15 this man, touching those things which you lay to his charge. Neither indeed hath Herod: for I referred you to him. Now as it appears that nothing deserving death hath been done by
16 him: shall I therefore, when I have chastised him, let him go?
17 Now he was under a necessity of releasing one to them at
18 every festival, so they with one consent cried out, saying,
19 Away with this man and release to us Barabbas. This was a person who on account of an insurrection in the city, and for
20 murder, had been committed to prison. Pilate therefore addressed them again, being desirous to release Jesus. But they 21 exclaimed, saying, Crucify him; Crucify him. But he said to
22 them a third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found
23 nothing in him deserving death. I will therefore chastise him and let him go. But they with loud clamours persisted in their de-
24 mands that he should be crucified. So the clamours of them and of the chief priests prevailed, and Pilate pronounced sentence
25 that what they requested should be done, and released to them the man who for sedition and murder had been thrown into prison, whom they demanded, and gave up Jesus to their will.
26 And as they were leading him away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, who was coming from the country, and
27 laid the cross on him, that he might carry it after Jesus. And a great multitude of the people followed him, among whom were many women, who beat their breasts, and bewailed him.
28 Whereupon, Jesus turning to them, said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me; but weep for yourselves and for your
29 children; for lo! days are coming in which they will say, Happy the barren, and the wombs which never bare, and the breasts
30 which never gave suck. Then will they begin to say to the
31 mountains, Fall upon us: and to the hills, Cover us. For if such things be done with green wood; how must it be with dry!
32 Now there were two other persons, who were malefactors,
33 led along with him to be crucified. And when they came to the place called Calvary, they there crucified him and the two malefactors, one on his right hand and the other on his left.
34 Whereupon Jesus said, Father, forgive them, for they know not what they are doing. Then dividing his garments in shares
35 they cast lots. And the people stood looking on; and both they and the rulers mocked him, saying, He saved others; let
36 him save himself, if he be the Christ, the chosen of God.
37 And the soldiers also, coming and offering him vinegar, insulted him, saying, If thou art the king of the Jews, save thy-
38 self. For over him there was an inscription, written in Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew. This is The King Of The Jews.
39 Even one of the malefactors who were on crosses, reviled him, saying, If thou art the Christ, save thyself and us. Upon
40 which the other, in reply, rebuked him, saying, Hast thou no
41 fear of God even when thou art suffering the same punishment? We indeed justly; for we are receiving the due reward of our
42 crimes. But this man hath done nothing amiss. Then he said to Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest to thy king-
43 dom. Whereupon Jesus said to him, Verily I say to thee, Today thou shalt be with me in paradise.
44 It was now about the sixth hour,* and there came darkness
45 over the whole land until the ninth, when the sun was darken-
46 ed, and the veil of the temple was rent down the middle; and Jesus crying with a loud voice, said, Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit. And having said this he expired.
47 Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man. And all
48 the multitudes who had crowded to the spectacle, seeing what had happened, beat their breasts and returned home.
49 Now all his male acquaintance had stood at a distance, while the women, who had accompanied him from Galilee,
50 were viewing these things. And lo! a man named Joseph, who was a senator, a good and righteous man, and who had not concurred*with the rest in their counsel and proceedings—he
51 was of Arimathea, a city of the Jews, and was one who was
52 expecting the reign of God. This man went to Pilate and beg- ged the body of Jesus; and having taken it down, he wrapped
53 it in a sindon, and laid it in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and in which nobody had ever been laid.
54 As it was now preparation time,f and the sabbathj was
55 clearing up; ^ When the women who had come with Jesus from
56 Galilee, had followed him down and seen the sepulchre, and how the body was laid, they returned and provided spices and ointments of myrrh, and had rested the sabbath, according to
XXIV. the commandment, And on the first day of the week, they went very early in the morning to the sepulchre, carrying the spices which they had provided. And there were some others with
* Our twelve o’clock; the ninth, our three in the afternoon.
f From three to six, P. M. on Friday. ^ The sabbath was
from six o’clock, or sunset, on Friday, to six o’clock, or sunset, on Saturday. . § That is, as I apprehend, the darkness was removed, and the sun, before setting, shone out.
2 them. And they found the stone rolled away from the sepul-
3 chre, but on going in did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
4 And while they were in perplexity on this account, lo! two
5 men stood by them in glistening robes; at which they being ter- rifled, and inclining their face to the ground, the men said to
6 them, Why seek ye the living among the dead”? He is not here; but is risen. Remember how he spake to you, while he
7 was yet in Galilee, saying, The son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and on the third
8 day rise again. Then they remembered his words, and having
9 returned from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
10 Now it was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and the rest with them, who told these things
11 to the apostles. But their words appeared to them like an idle tale, and they did not believe them. Peter indeed, starting up,
12 ran to the sepulchre, and having stooped down, saw nothing but the linens lying there. Upon which he went away home, musing with astonishment on what had happened. And behold,
13 on that same day, two of them were travelling to a fillage call-
14 ed Emmaus, which was sixty furlongs from Jerusalem; and
15 they conversed with each other on all these occurrences. And while they were conversing and reasoning together, Jesus him-
16 self drew near and travelled along with them. But their eyes were withheld from knowing him. And he said to them, What
17 matters are these about which you are conferring with one an- ‘
18 other on the road, and are sad? Thereupon one of them, whose name was Clcopas, answering, said to him, Art thou such a stranger in Jerusalem as not to know the things which have happened there in these days? And he said, What things?
19 They answered him, Those respecting Jesus, the Nazarene, who was a great prophet, mighty in miracles and doctrine before
20 God and all the people—how our chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and they have
21 crucified him. Now we were hoping that he is the person who would soon deliver Israel. But indeed with all this, it is now
22 the third day since these things happened. But again some women of our company have astonished us—having been at the
23 sepulchre very early in the morning, and not finding his body,
they came and told us that they had seen a vision of angels,
24 who say that he is alive. Whereupon >jome of the men who were with us went to the sepulchre, and found matters just as
25 the women said: but him they did not see. Then he said to them, O thoughtless, and slow of heart to believe all that
26 the prophets have spoken! Was it not necessary that the
27 Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory? Then beginning with Moses and proceeding through all the prophets, he explained to them, by all those writings, the
28 things concerning himself. And when they drew near to the village to which they were going, he seemed as intending to
29 go farther. But they pressed him, saying, Stay with us; for it is towards evening. The day is far spent. So he went in to stay
30 with them. And when he was at table with them, he took the
31 loaf, and blessed, and brake, and distributed to them. Whereupon their eyes were opened, and they knew him, and he disap-
32 peared from them. Then they said to one another, Did not our hearts burn within us while he talked with us on the road, and
33 while he expounded the scriptures to us? Then rising up immediately, they returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and
34 those with them in a throng, affirming that the Lord is indeed
35 risen and hath appeared to Simon. And they told the occurrences on the road, and how he became known to them by
36 his breaking the loaf. And while they were thus speaking, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them; and saith to them,
37 Peace be to you. At which they were affrighted, and, being in terror, thought they saw a spirit; he said to them, Why are
38 you alarmed? And why do groundless surmises arise in your
39 hearts? View my hands and my feet; that it is I myself; handle me and see, for a spirit hath not flesh and bones as you see me
40 have. While saying this, he shewed them his hands and his
41 feet. And as they were still diffident on account of their joy,
42 and in amaze, he said to them, Have you any food here? Thereupon they gave him a piece of broiled fish and part of
43 a honey comb, which he took and ate before them.
44 Then he said to them, This is what I told you while I was yet with you, That all the things written concerning me in the
45 law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the Psalms, must needs be accomplished. Then he opened their minds that they
46 might understand the scriptures, and he said to them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved the Christ to suffer and rise
47 from the dead on the third day; and that for his name reformation and remission of sins should be proclaimed to all the na-
48 tions, beginning at Jerusalem. Now you are witnesses of these
49 things. And behold I will send upon you what my father promised. And as for you, reside ye in the city of Jerusalem until you are indued with power from on high.
50 After that he led them out to Bethany, and having lifted
51 up his hands, he blessed them; and while he was blessing
52 them, he was parted from them and carried up into heaven; and they, having worshipped him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.